IFRS 12 provides one comprehensive disclosure standard for equity instruments in Subsidiaries, Joint arrangements (Joint operations and Joint ventures), Associates and Structured entities. Hence, management needs to exercise a certain degree of judgement in determining whether a new investee is controlled and therefore consolidated. For instance, disclosure and internal documentation is required for how voting rights are evaluated and whether it is a principal or an agent etc.
Classifying these equity instruments requires time, effort and the exercise of considerable judgement based on a comprehensive understanding of the business, operations, and legal rights and obligations the investing entity has obtained in the investee. Also these judgements have to be re-assessed during any significant financial close. This is … Read more