Contract with a ship owner

Contract with a ship owner is an example of not a lease of a ship and see below for the opposite a lease of a ship, the difference will give you a lesson!!!!

The case: Contract with a ship owner

Customer enters into a contract with a ship owner (Supplier) for the transportation of cargo from Rotterdam to Sydney on a specified ship. The ship is explicitly specified in the contract and Supplier does not have substitution rights. The cargo will occupy substantially all of the capacity of the ship. The contract specifies the cargo to be transported on the ship and the dates of pickup and delivery.

Contract with a ship owner

Supplier operates and maintains the ship and is responsible for the safe passage of the cargo on board the ship.

Customer is prohibited from hiring another operator for the ship or operating the ship itself during the term of the contract.

CONCLUSION – The contract does not contain a lease. IFRS 16 Contract with a ship owner

The reasoning: Contract with a ship owner

There is an identified asset. The ship is explicitly specified in the contract and Supplier does not have the right to substitute that specified ship.

Customer has the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from use of the ship over the period of use. Its cargo will occupy substantially all of the capacity of the ship, thereby preventing other parties from obtaining economic benefits from use of the ship.

However, Customer does not have the right to control the use of the ship because it does not have the right to direct its use. Customer does not have the right to direct how and for what purpose the ship is used. How and for what purpose the ship will be used (ie the transportation of specified cargo from Rotterdam to Sydney within a specified timeframe) is predetermined in the contract.

Customer has no right to change how and for what purpose the ship is used during the period of use. Customer has no other decision-making rights about the use of the ship during the period of use (for example, it does not have the right to operate the ship) and did not design the ship.

Customer has the same rights regarding the use of the ship as if it were one of many customers transporting cargo on the ship.

The case: Contract with a ship owner

Customer enters into a contract with Supplier for the use of a specified ship for a five-year period. The ship is explicitly specified in the contract and Supplier does not have substitution rights.

Customer decides what cargo will be transported, and whether, when and to which ports the ship will sail, throughout the five-year period of use, subject to restrictions specified in the contract. Those restrictions prevent Customer from sailing the ship into waters at a high risk of piracy or carrying hazardous materials as cargo.

Supplier operates and maintains the ship and is responsible for the safe passage of the cargo on board the ship.

Customer is prohibited from hiring another operator for the ship of the contract or operating the ship itself during the term of the contract.

CONCLUSION – The contract contains a lease. Customer has the right to use the ship for five years.

The reasoning: Lease of a ship

There is an identified asset. The ship is explicitly specified in the contract, and Supplier does not have the right to substitute that specified ship.

Customer has the right to control the use of the ship throughout the five-year period of use because:

  1. Customer has the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from use of the ship over the five-year period of use. Customer has exclusive use of the ship throughout the period of use.
  2. Customer has the right to direct the use of the ship because the conditions in Identified assets, Substantive substitution rights sub (a) exist. The contractual restrictions about where the ship can sail and the cargo to be transported by the ship define the scope of Customer’s right to use the ship. They are protective rights that protect Supplier’s investment in the ship and Supplier’s personnel.Within the scope of its right of use, Customer makes the relevant decisions about how and for what purpose the ship is used throughout the five-year period of use because it decides whether, where and when the ship sails, as well as the cargo it will transport. Customer has the right to change these decisions throughout the five-year period of use.

Although the operation and maintenance of the ship are essential to its efficient use, Supplier’s decisions in this regard do not give it the right to direct how and for what purpose the ship is used. Instead, Supplier’s decisions are dependent upon Customer’s decisions about how and for what purpose the ship is used.

Contract with a ship owner

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