IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities is a consolidated disclosure standard requiring a wide range of disclosures about an entity’s interests in subsidiaries, joint arrangements, associates and unconsolidated ‘structured entities’. Disclosures are presented as a series of objectives, with detailed guidance on satisfying those objectives.

IFRS 12

Source: PKF Summaries & Snapshots

Or in more detail……

SCOPE

DEFINITIONS

SIGNIFICANT JUDGEMENTS AND ASSUMPTIONS

Applied by entities that have an interest in: Subsidiaries; joint arrangements, associates; and unconsolidated structured entities.

IFRS 12 does not apply to:

  • Post-employment benefit plans or other long-term employee benefit plans to which IAS 19 Employee Benefits applies,

  • Separate financial statements, where IAS 27 Separate Financial Statements applies

  • An interest held by an entity that participates in, but does not have joint control or significant influence over, a joint arrangement,

  • Interests accounted for in accordance with IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, except for Interests in an associate or joint venture measured at fair value as required by IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures.

Some, but not all, disclosure requirements apply to interests classified as held for sale in accordance with IFRS 5.

Structured entity -An entity that has been designed so that voting or similar rights are not the dominant factor in deciding who controls the entity, such as when any voting rights relate to administrative tasks only and the relevant activities are directed by means of contractual arrangements.

Income from a structured entity – Includes (but not is limited to) fees, interest, dividends, gains or

losses on the remeasurement or derecognition of interests in structured entities and gains or losses from the transfer of assets and liabilities to the structured entity.

Interest in another entity -Refers to contractual and non-contractual involvement that exposes an entity to variability of returns from the performance of the other entity. Evidenced by holding: debt instruments, equity instruments, and other forms of involvement.

The following terms used in IFRS 12 are defined in IAS 27 Separate Financial Statements, IAS 28

Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements, and IFRS 11

Joint Arrangements:

  • Associate; consolidated financial statements; control of an entity; equity method; group; joint arrangement; joint control; joint operation; joint venture; non-controlling interest (NCI); parent; protective rights; relevant activities; separate financial statements; separate vehicle; significant influence; and subsidiary.

Disclose information about significant judgements and assumptions the made (and changes to those judgements and assumptions) in determining:

  • Control over another entity

  • Joint control over an arrangement

  • Significant influence over another entity

  • When a joint arrangement has been structured through a separate vehicle, its classification (i.e. joint operation or joint venture).

Something else -   Control in debt restructuring in Structured entity Only 1 Perfect Quality Read

INTERESTS IN SUBSIDIARIES REQUIRED DISCLOSURES

Information that enables users to understand:

Information that enables users to evaluate:

Information that enables users to evaluate:

(i) Composition of the group and NCI interests in group activities

Composition of the group

For each subsidiary with material NCI’s:

  • Name of the subsidiary

  • Principal place of business and country of incorporation of the subsidiary

  • Proportion of ownership interests held by NCI

  • Proportion of NCI voting rights, if different from the proportion of ownership interests held

  • Profit or loss allocated to non-controlling interests of the subsidiary during the reporting period

  • Accumulated NCI of the subsidiary at the end of the reporting period

Summarised financial information about the subsidiary.

(ii) Nature and extent of restrictions

Significant restrictions on ability to access or use the assets and settle the liabilities of the group, such as:

  • Those that restrict the ability to transfer cash or other assets to (or from) other entities within the group

  • Guarantees or other requirements that may restrict dividends and other capital distributions being paid, or loans and advances being made or repaid, to (or from) other entities within the group.

The nature and extent to which protective rights of NCI can significantly restrict the entity’s ability to access or use the assets and settle the liabilities of the group.

The carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities to which those restrictions apply.

(iii) Nature of risks in consolidated structured entities (CSE)

Terms of any contractual arrangements that could require the parent or its subsidiaries to provide financial support to a CSE.

If financial or other support has been provided to a CSE in the absence of a contractual obligation to do so:

  • The type and amount of support provided, including obtaining financial support, and

  • The reasons for providing the support.

If financial (or other) support has been provided to a previously unconsolidated structured entity that resulted in control, explanation of the relevant factors in reaching that decision.

Any current intentions to provide financial (or other) support to a consolidated structured entity (including any intentions to assist in obtaining financial support).

Information that enables users to evaluate:

Information that enables users to evaluate:

(iv) Consequences of changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control

Present a schedule showing the effects on the equity (attributable to owners of the parent) of any changes in ownership interest that do not result in a loss of control.

(v) Consequences of losing control of a subsidiary

Disclose the gain or loss, if any, and:

  • The portion of that gain or loss attributable to measuring any investment retained in the former subsidiary at its fair value at the date when control is lost

  • The line item(s) in profit or loss in which the gain or loss is recognised.

  1. INTERESTS IN JOINT ARRANGEMENTS AND ASSOCIATES REQUIRED DISCLOSURES

Information that enables users to evaluate:

(i) Risks associated with an entity’s interests in joint ventures and associates

Commitments relating to joint ventures

Contingent liabilities incurred relating to joint ventures or associates (including its share of contingent liabilities incurred jointly with other investors), unless the probability of loss is remote.

(ii) Nature, extent and financial effects of an entity’s interests in joint arrangements and associates

  • The name of the joint arrangement or associates

  • The nature of the entity’s relationship with the joint arrangement or associate

  • The principal place of business (and country of incorporation, if applicable and different from the principal place of business) of the joint arrangement or associate

  • The proportion of ownership interest or participating share held by the entity and, if different, the proportion of voting rights held (if applicable)

  • Measurement: whether equity method or at fair value

  • If measured using equity method: the fair value of its investment in the joint venture or associate (if a quoted market price is available)

  • Summarised financial information about the joint venture or associate.

  • Financial information about the entity’s investments in joint ventures and associates that are not individually material:

    • In aggregate for all individually immaterial joint ventures

    • In aggregate for all individually immaterial associates.

  • The nature and extent of any significant restrictions on the ability of joint ventures or associates to transfer funds to the entity in the form of cash dividends, or to repay loans or advances made by the entity

  • When there is a difference in reporting date of a joint venture or associate’s financial statements used in applying the equity method:

    • The date of the end of the reporting period of the financial statements of that joint venture or associate.

    • The reason for using a different date or period.

  • The unrecognised share of losses of a joint venture or associate, both for the reporting period and cumulatively, if the entity has stopped recognising its share of losses of the joint venture or associate when applying the equity method.

Something else -   Disclosures material joint ventures

(c) INTERESTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED STRUCTURED ENTITIES (UCSE) REQUIRED DISCLOSURES

Including, information about the exposure to risk from involvement in previous periods (even if the entity no longer has any contractual involvement with the entity at reporting date)

Information that enables users to understand:

Information that enables users to evaluate:

(i) Nature of interests

Qualitative and quantitative information, including (but not limited to):

  • Nature, purpose, size and activities of the structured entity and how the structured entity is finance

If an entity has sponsored UCSE, for which it does not provide information

(e.g. because it holds no interest at reporting date), disclose:

  • How it has determined which structured entities it has sponsored

  • Income from those structured entities during the reporting period, including a description of types of income presented

  • The carrying amount (at the time of transfer) of all assets transferred to those structured entities during the reporting period.

An entity is required to present the information above:

  • In tabular format (unless another format is more appropriate)

  • Classify its sponsoring activities into relevant categories.

(ii) Nature of risks

Disclose in tabular format (unless another format is more appropriate) a summary of:

  • The carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities recognised in its financial statements relating to interests in UCSE.

  • The line items in the statement of financial position in which those assets and liabilities are recognised

  • The amount that best represents the entity’s maximum exposure to loss from its interests in UCSE, including how the maximum exposure to loss is determined. If an entity cannot quantify its maximum exposure to loss from its interests in UCSE it is required to disclose that fact and the reasons

  • A comparison of the carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities of the entity that relate to its interests in UCSE and the entity’s maximum exposure to loss from those entities.

If during the reporting period an entity has, without having a contractual obligation to do so, provided financial (or other) support to an UCSE in which it previously had or currently has an interest, disclose:

  • The type and amount of support provided, including situations in which the entity assisted the structured entity in obtaining financial support

  • The reasons for providing the support.

An entity is required to disclose any current intentions to provide financial or other support to UCSE, including intentions to assist the structured entity in obtaining financial support.

Something else -   Disclosures material joint operations

Judgements and assumptions

Judgements and assumptions

Group structure

Group composition

IFRS 12 Disclosure Subsidiaries – example

IFRS 12 Disclosure Subsidiaries

IFRS 12 Disclosure Joint arrangements – example

IFRS 12 Disclosure Joint arrangements

Joint ventures part 2

Joint operation

IFRS 12 Disclosure Associates – example

IFRS 12 Disclosure Associates

IFRS 12 Disclosure Unconsolidated structured entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure Unconsolidated structured entities – example

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

See also our friend: IFRS Community – IFRS 12

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other EntitiesEntities

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Something else -   Disclosures unconsolidated structured entities

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