IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018 –

This is an example set of Financial statements 2018. It is intended to help entities to prepare and present financial statements in accordance with IFRS by illustrating a possible format for financial statements for a fictitious multinational corporation (the Group) involved in general business activities. This hypothetical reporting entity has been applying IFRS for some time – i.e. it is not a first-time adopter of IFRS. Here are the main statements presented in different formats and with reference to the IFRS standards/paragraphs applicable to these main statements (Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income, Consolidated statement of financial position, Consolidated statement of cash flows, Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity). Then it is continued to example notes to the Financial Statements, from the start (Basis of presentation) to the end (Commitments, Contingencies and Subsequent events).


Consolidated Financial Statements

Continued IFRS Reporting 1


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Financial Statements

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
IAS 1:10 Composition of a complete set of financial statements. IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
IAS 1:10A Single or two statement approach for profit or loss and other comprehensive income.
IAS 1:49 Clear identification of financial statements from other information.
IAS 1:51 Clear identification of each component of the financial statements, and various details of the reporting entity.

 

Entity specific disclosures

Link Description IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
IAS 1:51(a) Name of entity.
IAS 1:138 Various details of the reporting entity.

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity 2

Contents Consolidated Financial Statements


In practice, the (Consolidated) Financial Statements are part of a larger booklet, for example, called Annual Report. The Annual Report’s high level content is for example:

  1. Management commentary IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
  2. Consolidated Financial Statements IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
  3. Other information IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

Management commentary is a more or less free form narrative report that provides a context within which to interpret the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the group of entities. It also provides management with the opportunity to explain objectives and the strategies for achieving those objectives. The financial information contained in management commentary has to be derived from the same source as the information contained in the financial statements, it supplements, and compliments the amounts included in the financial statements.

The Consolidated Financial Statements also may contain the (Ultimate) Parent Company Financial Statements, many times based on legal requirements of the jurisdiction of the parent company. These Parent Company Financial Statements may be any kind if condensed, again mostly based on legal requirements or common (historical) practice in the jurisdiction of the parent company.

Other information comprises multiple types of forms, for example: IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

  • shareholders meeting invitation and/or meeting agenda,
  • the parent company financial statements (rather than as part of the Consolidated Financial Statements),
  • statutory requirements (profit appropriation requirements, profit appropriation proposal, subsequent events).

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated statement of financial position3

ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND EQUITY IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:55 Present additional line items, headings and sub-totals as required.
IAS 1:77-78 Present further sub-classifications as required (or in the notes).
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.
IAS 1:10(f), 40A-B Instances when the presentation of a third balance sheet is required.

Specific line item requirements 

Link Description
IAS 1:54 Specific line items required in the statement of financial position.
IAS 1:56 Deferred tax assets must not be presented as current.
IAS 1:57 A list of items that warrant separate disclosure. IAS 1 does not prescribe the order or format of presentation of line items.
IAS 1:60 Presentation of line items on a:
– Current and non-current basis
– Liquidity basis (subject to criteria and additional requirements).
IAS 1:61 Disclosure of items expected to be recovered or settled within and after 12 months of reporting date.
IFRS 16:48 Presentation of right-of-use assets subject to lessor operating leases by their nature (i.e. Investment property).
IFRS 5.35 Specific line items required for assets held for sale.
IFRS 5.38, IFRS 5.40 Specific line items required for assets held for sale and assets in disposal groups held for sale.
IAS 10:17 Details of authorisation of the financial statements

Example – Statement of Financial Position IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018
Petrobas Financial Position 31 December 2018

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income

(Single statement approach and by function of expense)

 

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:85 Present additional line items, headings and sub-totals as required.
IAS 1:99-100 Presentation of the analysis of expenses (nature or their function).
IAS1:103 Example presentation of analysis of expenses by function.
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.

 

Specific line item requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:81A Specific sub-totals required for profit or loss, total other comprehensive income and comprehensive income for the period.
IAS 1:82 Specific line items required within profit or loss.
IAS 1:82A Specific categorisation required for items within other comprehensive income.
IAS 1:82 In addition to items required by other IFRSs, the profit or loss section or the statement of profit or loss shall include line items that present the following amounts for the period:
(ba) impairment losses (including reversals of impairment losses or impairment gains) determined in accordance with Section 5.5 of IFRS 9
IAS 1:87 Specifically prohibits extraordinary items.
IAS 1:90, 91 Specific presentation for items of other comprehensive income (either pretax or post-tax) required.
IAS 12:77 Specific presentation required for tax expense.
IFRS 5:33, 33A,34 Specific presentation required for discontinued operations.
IAS 21:52(b) Specific presentation required for net exchange differences recognised in other comprehensive income.
IFRS 7:20(a)(ii) Specific disclosures for available-for-sale investments
IFRS 7:23F Specific disclosures for cash flow hedges.

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity 

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income4

For the year ended 31 December 2018

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income

 


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income

(Single statement approach and by function of expense)

(continued)

Potential additional presentation items

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:85 Present additional line items, headings and sub-totals as required.
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.

Potential additional line items

Specific line item requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:81B Specific presentation required for the split of profit or loss and total comprehensive income between non-controlling interests and owners of the parent.
IAS 33.4 – IAS33.66 Specific disclosures presentation required for basic and diluted earnings per share.


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity 

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income5 

For the year ended 31 December 2018

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income page 2


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss

(Dual statement approach and by nature of expense)

 General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:85 Present additional line items, headings and sub-totals as required.
IAS 1:99-100 Presentation of the analysis of expenses (nature or their function).
IAS1:102 Example presentation of analysis of expenses by nature.
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.

Specific line item requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:81A Specific sub-totals required for profit or loss, total other comprehensive income and comprehensive income for the period.
IAS 1:82 Specific line items required within profit or loss.
IAS 1:87 Specifically prohibits extraordinary items.
IAS 12:77 Specific presentation required for tax expense.
IFRS 5:33, 33A,34 Specific presentation required for discontinued operations.
IAS 1:81B Separate presentation required for the split of profit or loss to noncontrolling interest and owners of the parent
IAS 33.4 – IAS33.66 Specific presentation required for basic and diluted earnings per share.

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

RWE Income statement 2018


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Other Comprehensive Income

(Dual statement approach and by nature of expense) IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:85 Present additional line items, headings and sub-totals as required.
IAS 1:85 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.

 Specific line item requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:10A Under the two statement approach, the statement of comprehensive income must begin with profit or loss.
IAS 1:82A Specific categorisation required for items within other comprehensive income.
IAS 1:90, 91 Specific presentation for items of other comprehensive income (either pretax or post-tax) required.
IAS 1:90, 91 Specific presentation for the net exchange differences recognised in other comprehensive income.
IFRS 7:20(a)(ii) Specific disclosures for available-for-sale investments.

Specific disclosures

Link Description
IAS 1:81B Separate presentation required for the split of total comprehensive income between non-controlling interests and owners of the parent

Consolidated Statement of Other Comprehensive Income

RWE Statement of comprehensive income 2018
RWE Statement of comprehensive income 2018

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.


Specific line item requirements
 

Link Description
IAS 1:106 Specific line items and information required for the components of equity in the statement of changes in equity.
IAS 1:106A Analysis of other comprehensive income by component of equity (or in the notes).
IAS 1:107 Dividends recognised as distributions to owners and the related amount per share (or in the notes).

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

Group statement of changes in equity Non controlling interest


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Notes to the consolidated financial statements IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

General requirement for the Notes to the consolidated financial statements 

Link Description
IAS 1:112 The Notes to the consolidated financial statements include the following information:
  • Basis of preparation
  • Specific accounting policies
  • Information required by IFRSs that is not presented elsewhere
  • Information that is not presented elsewhere in the financial statements, but is relevant to an understanding the financial statements.
IAS 1:113 Notes are required to be presented in a systematic manner and cross-referenced.

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated statement of cash flows

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.
IAS 7:10 Cash flows are to be classified as either operating, investing, or financing activities.
IAS 7:18 Report operating cash flows either using:
– Direct method
– Indirect method.
IAS 7:21,
IAS 7:22
Criteria when cash flows are to be presented gross or net.

Specific line item requirements 

Link Description
IAS 7:14 Examples of operating activity cash flows.
IAS 7:31 Present cash flows from interest and dividends as either operating, investing or financing activities (must be consistent year-on-year).
IAS 7:35 Present cash flows from taxes on income as operating activities (unless they can be separately identified with financing and investing activities).

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Cash FlowsOperating Activities IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

BHP Billiton consolidated operating cash flows 2018
BHP Billiton consolidated operating cash flows 2018

Toyota Consolidated cash flows from operatuing activities 2018
Toyota Consolidated Cash flows from Operating activities 2018

 

Carrefour Consolidated operating cash flows 2017
Carrefour Consolidated operating cash flows 2017


Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

FINANCING AND INVESTING ACTIVITIES 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018

General financial statement presentation requirements

Link Description
IAS 1:38-38A Minimum comparative information required (current and previous period).
IAS 1:113 Notes to be presented in a systematic manner and cross referenced.
IAS 7:10 Cash flows are to be classified as either operating, investing, or financing activities.
IAS 7:21,
IAS 7:22
Criteria when cash flows are to be presented gross or net.

Specific line item requirements 

Link Description
IAS 7:16 Examples of investing activity cash flows.
IAS 7:17 Examples of financing activity cash flows.
IAS 7:31 Present cash flows from interest and dividends as either operating, investing or financing activities (must be consistent year-on-year).
IAS 7:39 Aggregate cash flows from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses are classified as investing activities.
IAS 7:42A Cash flows from transactions relating to changes in ownership that do not result in a loss of control are classified as financing activities.
IAS 7.28 Present the effect of unrealised foreign exchange gains or losses on cash balances.
IAS 7:45 Reconciliation (or reference to a reconciliation) of the cash balances presented in the statement of cash flows and the statement of financial position.

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows-Financing and Investing activities

BHP Billiton consolidated financing investing and cash flows
BHP Billiton Consolidated cash flows Financing and Investing 2018

Toyotal consolidated financing investing and cash flows 2018
Toyotal consolidated financing investing and cash flows 2018

Carrefour Consolidated financing and investing cash flows 2017
Carrefour Consolidated financing and investing cash flows 2017

Group Reporting Entity Legal Entity

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

Here is just a possible chapter content of notes to the (consolidated) Financial Statements:

Index to notes to the consolidated financial statements

  1. Corporate information
  2. Significant accounting policies
  3. Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions
  4. Revenue from contracts with customers
    • Disaggregated revenue information
    • Contract balances
    • Right of return assets and refund liabilities
    • Performance obligations
  5. Segment information
  6. Capital management
  7. Group information
  8. Business combinations and acquisition of non-controlling interests
  9. Material partly-owned subsidiaries
  10. Interest in a joint venture
  11. Investment in an associate
  12. Fair value measurement
  13. Other income/expenses
  14. Discontinued operations
  15. Income tax
  16. Earnings per share (EPS)
  17. Property, plant and equipment
  18. Investment properties
  19. Intangible assets
  20. Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives
  21. Financial assets and financial liabilities
    • Financial assets
    • Financial liabilities: Interest-bearing loans and borrowings
    • Hedging activities and derivatives
    • Fair values
    • Financial instruments risk management objectives and policies
    • Changes in liabilities arising from financing activities
  22. Inventories
  23. Trade receivables and contract assets
  24. Cash and short-term deposits
  25. Issued capital and reserves
  26. Distributions made and proposed
  27. Provisions
  28. Government grants
  29. Contract liabilities
    • Loyalty program transactions
  30. Pensions and other post-employment benefit plans
  31. Share-based payments
  32. Trade and other payables
  33. Commitments and contingencies
  34. Related party disclosures
  35. Standards issued but not yet effective
  36. Events after the reporting period

 

 

Continue reading: First part Example – Notes to the financial statements – Basis of preparation

See also: The IFRS Foundation

IFRS Example Financial Statements 2018