The objective of this Standard is to prescribe the accounting treatment for income taxes. The principal issue in accounting for income taxes is how to account for the current and future tax consequences of:
- the future recovery (settlement) of the carrying amount of assets (liabilities) that are recognised in an entity’s statement of financial position; and
- transactions and other events of the current period that are recognised in an entity’s financial statements.
It is inherent in … Continue reading
7 The tax base of an asset is the amount that will be deductible for tax purposes against any taxable economic benefits that will flow to an entity when it recovers the carrying amount of the asset. If those economic benefits will not be taxable, the tax base of the asset is equal to its carrying amount.
1 A machine cost 100. For tax purposes, depreciation of 30 has already been deducted in the current and prior periods and
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Recognition of current tax liabilities and current tax assets
12 Current tax for current and prior periods shall, to the extent unpaid, be recognised as a liability. If the amount already paid in respect of current and prior periods exceeds the amount due for those periods, the excess shall be recognised as an asset.
13 The benefit relating to a tax loss that can be carried back to recover current tax of a previous period shall be recognised as an … Continue reading
Recognition of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets
Taxable temporary differences
15 A deferred tax liability shall be recognised for all taxable temporary differences, except to the extent that the deferred tax liability arises from:
- the initial recognition of goodwill; or
- the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction which:
- is not a business combination; and
- at the time of the transaction, affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit (tax loss).
However, for taxable temporary differences … Continue reading
46 Current tax liabilities (assets) for the current and prior periods shall be measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.
47 Deferred tax assets and liabilities shall be measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based … Continue reading
57 Accounting for the current and deferred tax effects of a transaction or other event is consistent with the accounting for the transaction or event itself. Paragraphs 58 to 68C implement this principle.
57A An entity shall recognise the income tax consequences of dividends as defined in IFRS 9 when it recognises a liability to pay a dividend. The income tax consequences of dividends are linked more directly to past transactions or events that generated distributable profits than to distributions … Continue reading
Tax assets and tax liabilities
71 An entity shall offset current tax assets and current tax liabilities if, and only if, the entity:
- has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts; and
- intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.
72 Although current tax assets and liabilities are separately recognised and measured they are offset in the statement of financial position subject to criteria … Continue reading
79 The major components of tax expense (income) shall be disclosed separately.
80 Components of tax expense (income) may include:
- current tax expense (income);
- any adjustments recognised in the period for current tax of prior periods;
- the amount of deferred tax expense (income) relating to the origination and reversal of temporary differences;
- the amount of deferred tax expense (income) relating to changes in tax rates or the imposition of new taxes;
- the amount of the benefit
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These illustrative examples accompany, but are not part of, IFRS 12.
Examples of temporary differences
A. Examples of circumstances that give rise to taxable temporary differences
All taxable temporary differences give rise to a deferred tax liability.
Transactions that affect profit or loss
1 Interest revenue is received in arrears and is included in accounting profit on a time apportionment basis but is included in taxable profit on a cash basis.
2 Revenue from the sale of goods is included … Continue reading
Illustrative computations and presentation
Extracts from statements of financial position and statements of comprehensive income are provided to show the effects on these financial statements of the transactions described below. These extracts do not necessarily conform with all the disclosure and presentation requirements of other Standards.
All the examples below assume that the entities concerned have no transaction other than those described.
Example 1 – Depreciable assets
An entity buys equipment for 10,000 and depreciates it on a straight-line basis … Continue reading