IFRS Standard: IAS 12 Income Taxes

This Standard deals with the recognition of current and deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses or unused tax credits, the presentation of income taxes in the financial statements and the disclosure of information relating to income taxes.

IAS 12 Objective Scope Definitions

Objective

The objective of this Standard is to prescribe the accounting treatment for income taxes. The principal issue in accounting for income taxes is how to account for the current and future tax consequences of:

  1. the future recovery (settlement) of the carrying amount of assets (liabilities) that are recognised in an entity’s statement of financial position; and
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IAS 12 Tax base

7 The tax base of an asset is the amount that will be deductible for tax purposes against any taxable economic benefits that will flow to an entity when it recovers the carrying amount of the asset. If those economic benefits will not be taxable, the tax base of the asset is equal to its carrying amount.

Examples

1 A

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IAS 12 Recognition current tax

Recognition of current tax liabilities and current tax assets

12 Current tax for current and prior periods shall, to the extent unpaid, be recognised as a liability. If the amount already paid in respect of current and prior periods exceeds the amount due for those periods, the excess shall be recognised as an asset.

13 The benefit relating to a

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IAS 12 Recognition deferred tax

Recognition of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets

Taxable temporary differences

15 A deferred tax liability shall be recognised for all taxable temporary differences, except to the extent that the deferred tax liability arises from:

  1. the initial recognition of goodwill; or
  2. the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction which:
    1. is not a business
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IAS 12 Tax measurement

46 Current tax liabilities (assets) for the current and prior periods shall be measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

47 Deferred tax assets and liabilities shall be measured at the tax

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IAS 12 Tax recognition of current and deferred tax

57 Accounting for the current and deferred tax effects of a transaction or other event is consistent with the accounting for the transaction or event itself. Paragraphs 58 to 68C implement this principle.

57A An entity shall recognise the income tax consequences of dividends as defined in IFRS 9 when it recognises a liability to pay a dividend. The income

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IAS 12 Tax presentation

Tax assets and tax liabilities

69–70 [Deleted]

Offset

71 An entity shall offset current tax assets and current tax liabilities if, and only if, the entity:

  1. has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts; and
  2. intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

72 Although current tax

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IAS 12 Tax disclosure

79 The major components of tax expense (income) shall be disclosed separately.

80 Components of tax expense (income) may include:

  1. current tax expense (income);
  2. any adjustments recognised in the period for current tax of prior periods;
  3. the amount of deferred tax expense (income) relating to the origination and reversal of temporary differences;
  4. the amount of deferred tax
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IAS 12 Tax Illustrative examples

These illustrative examples accompany, but are not part of, IFRS 12.

Examples of temporary differences

A. Examples of circumstances that give rise to taxable temporary differences

All taxable temporary differences give rise to a deferred tax liability.

Transactions that affect profit or loss

1 Interest revenue is received in arrears and is included in accounting profit on a time apportionment

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IAS 12 Tax Depreciable assets

Illustrative computations and presentation

Extracts from statements of financial position and statements of comprehensive income are provided to show the effects on these financial statements of the transactions described below. These extracts do not necessarily conform with all the disclosure and presentation requirements of other Standards.

All the examples below assume that the entities concerned have no transaction other than …

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