IAS 37 Objective and Scope

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Objective and Scope

IAS 37 Objective and Scope

Objective

The objective of this Standard is to ensure that appropriate recognition criteria and measurement bases are applied to provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets and that sufficient information is disclosed in the notes to enable users to understand their nature, timing and amount.

Scope

1 This Standard shall be applied by all entities in accounting for provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets, except:

  1. those resulting from executory contracts, except where the contract is onerous; and
  2. [deleted]
  3. those covered by another Standard.

2 This Standard does not apply to financial instruments (including guarantees) that are within the scope of IFRS 9 … Read more

IAS 37 Definitions

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Definitions

IAS 37 Definitions

10 The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified:

A provision is a liability of uncertain timing or amount.

A liability is a present obligation of the entity arising from past events, the settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow from the entity of resources embodying economic benefits.

An obligating event is an event that creates a legal or constructive obligation that results in an entity having no realistic alternative to settling that obligation.

A legal obligation is an obligation that derives from:

  1. a contract (through its explicit or implicit terms);
  2. legislation; or
  3. other operation of
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IAS 37 Provisions Other liabilities and Contingent liabilities

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Provisions Other liabilities and Contingent liabilities

IAS 37 Provisions Other liabilities and Contingent liabilities

Provisions and other liabilities IAS 37 Provisions Other liabilities and Contingent liabilities

11 Provisions can be distinguished from other liabilities such as trade payables and accruals because there is uncertainty about the timing or amount of the future expenditure required in settlement. By contrast:

  1. trade payables are liabilities to pay for goods or services that have been received or supplied and have been invoiced or formally agreed with the supplier; and
  2. accruals are liabilities to pay for goods or services that have been received or supplied but have not been paid, invoiced or formally agreed with the supplier,
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IAS 37 Recognition of provisions

Last Updated on 22/02/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Recognition of provisions

IAS 37 Recognition of provisions

Provisions IAS 37 Recognition of provisions

14 A provision shall be recognised when:

  1. an entity has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event;
  2. it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; and
  3. a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

If these conditions are not met, no provision shall be recognised.

Present obligation

15 In rare cases it is not clear whether there is a present obligation. In these cases, a past event is deemed to give rise to a present Read more

IAS 37 Measurement of provisions

Last Updated on 22/02/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Measurement of provisions

IAS 37 Measurement of provisions

Best estimate IAS 37 Measurement of provisions

36 The amount recognised as a provision shall be the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period.

37 The best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation is the amount that an entity would rationally pay to settle the obligation at the end of the reporting period or to transfer it to a third party at that time. It will often be impossible or prohibitively expensive to settle or transfer an obligation at the end of the reporting period. However, … Read more

IAS 37 Reimbursements

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Reimbursements

IAS 37 Reimbursements

53 Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, the reimbursement shall be recognised when, and only when, it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received if the entity settles the obligation. The reimbursement shall be treated as a separate asset. The amount recognised for the reimbursement shall not exceed the amount of the provision.

54 In the statement of comprehensive income, the expense relating to a provision may be presented net of the amount recognised for a reimbursement.

55 Sometimes, an entity is able to look to another party … Read more

IAS 37 Changes in and Use of Provisions

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Changes in and Use of Provisions

IAS 37 Changes in and Use of Provisions

Changes in provisions IAS 37 Changes in and Use of Provisions

59 Provisions shall be reviewed at the end of each reporting period and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, the provision shall be reversed.

60 Where discounting is used, the carrying amount of a provision increases in each period to reflect the passage of time. This increase is recognised as borrowing cost.

Use of provisions

61 A provision shall be used only for expenditures for … Read more

IAS 37 Application of the recognition and measurement rules

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Application of the recognition and measurement rules

IAS 37 Application of the recognition and measurement rules

Future operating losses

63 Provisions shall not be recognised for future operating losses.

64 Future operating losses do not meet the definition of a liability in paragraph 10 and the general recognition criteria set out for provisions in paragraph 14.

65 An expectation of future operating losses is an indication that certain assets of the operation may be impaired. An entity tests these assets for impairment under IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.

Onerous contracts

66 If an entity has a contract that is onerous, the present obligation under the contract shall be recognised and measured as a … Read more

IAS 37 Disclosure Provisions and Contingencies

Last Updated on 15/02/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Disclosure Provisions and Contingencies

IAS 37 Disclosure Provisions and Contingencies

84 For each class of provision, an entity shall disclose:

  1. the carrying amount at the beginning and end of the period;
  2. additional provisions made in the period, including increases to existing provisions;
  3. amounts used (ie incurred and charged against the provision) during the period;
  4. unused amounts reversed during the period; and
  5. the increase during the period in the discounted amount arising from the passage of time and the effect of any change in the discount rate.

Comparative information is not required.

85 An entity shall disclose the following for each class of provision:

  1. a brief description of the nature of
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IAS 37 Transitional provisions

Last Updated on 28/01/2020 by 75385885

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent AssetsIAS 37 Transitional provisions

IAS 37 Transitional provisions

93 The effect of adopting this Standard on its effective date (or earlier) shall be reported as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings for the period in which the Standard is first adopted. Entities are encouraged, but not required, to adjust the opening balance of retained earnings for the earliest period presented and to restate comparative information. If comparative information is not restated, this fact shall be disclosed.

94 [Deleted]

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End of IAS 37

Source EU rules on financial information disclosed by companies

 

IAS 37 Transitional provisions IAS 37 Transitional provisions IAS 37 Transitional provisions IAS 37 Read more