Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries is an example presented in IFRIC 22 Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration. Other example are Multiple advances and multiple deliveries of goods, Multiple advances and multiple deliveries of goods and Multiple advances for one delivery of goods.

These examples accompany, but are not part of, IFRIC 22. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

In these examples, foreign currency amounts are ‘Foreign Currency’ (FC) and functional currency amounts are ‘Local Currency’ (LC).

The objective of these examples is to illustrate how an entity determines the date of the transaction when it recognises a non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability arising from advance consideration in a foreign currency before it recognises the related asset, expense or income (or part of it) applying relevant IFRSs.

Example 3—Multiple payments for purchases of services over a period of time Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

On 1 May 20X3, Entity C entered into a contract with a supplier for services. The supplier will provide the services to Entity C evenly over the period from 1 July 20X3 to 31 December 20X3. The contract requires Entity C to pay the supplier FC200 on 15 June 20X3 and FC400 on 31 December 20X3.

Entity C has determined that, for this contract, the payment of FC200 on 15 June 20X3 relates to the services to be received in the period 1 July–31 August 20X3, and the payment of FC400 on 31 December 20X3 relates to the services to be received in the period 1 September–31 December 20X3. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

Entity C initially recognises a non-monetary asset translating FC200 into its functional currency at the spot exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency on 15 June 20X3. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

In the period 1 July–31 August 20X3, Entity C derecognises the non-monetary asset and recognises an expense of FC200 in profit or loss as it receives the services from the supplier. Entity C determines that the date of the transaction for the expense related to the advance consideration of FC200 is 15 June 20X3 (the date of initial recognition of the non-monetary asset).

In the period 1 September–31 December 20X3, Entity C initially recognises the expense in profit or loss as it receives the services from the supplier. In principle, the dates of the transaction are each day in the period 1 September–31 December 20X3. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

However, if exchange rates do not fluctuate significantly, Entity C may use a rate that approximates the actual rates as permitted by paragraph 22 of AASB 121. If that is the case, Entity C may, for example, translate each month’s expense of FC100 (FC400 ÷ 4) into its functional currency using the average exchange rate for each month for the period 1 September–31 December 20X3. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

As Entity C recognises the expense in the period 1 September–31 December 20X3, it recognises a corresponding liability in respect of its obligation to pay the supplier. The liability is a monetary item. Entity C updates the translated amount of the liability until the liability is settled. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries


Background IFRIC Interpretation 22

Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

Paragraph 21 of IAS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates requires an entity to record a foreign currency transaction, on initial recognition in its functional currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the spot exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency (the exchange rate) at the date of the transaction.

Paragraph 22 of IAS 21 states that the date of the transaction is the date on which the transaction first qualifies for recognition in accordance with IFRS Standards (Standards).

When an entity pays or receives consideration in advance in a foreign currency, it generally recognises a non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability before the recognition of the related asset, expense or income. The related asset, expense or income (or part of it) is the amount recognised applying relevant Standards, which results in the derecognition of the non‑monetary asset or non‑monetary liability arising from the advance consideration. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

The IFRS Interpretations Committee (the Interpretations Committee) initially received a question asking how to determine ‘the date of the transaction’ applying paragraphs 21–22 of IAS 21 when recognising revenue. The question specifically addressed circumstances in which an entity recognises a non-monetary liability arising from the receipt of advance consideration before it recognises the related revenue. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

In discussing the issue, the Interpretations Committee noted that the receipt or payment of advance consideration in a foreign currency is not restricted to revenue transactions. Accordingly, the Interpretations Committee decided to clarify the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use on initial recognition of the related asset, expense or income when an entity has received or paid advance consideration in a foreign currency. Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries

See also: The IFRS Foundation

Multiple advances and multiple service deliveries