Contract costs

IFRS 15 for contract costs specifies the accounting treatment for costs an entity incurs to obtain and fulfil a contract to provide goods or services to customers as discussed below. An entity only applies these requirements to costs incurred that relate to a contract with a customer that is within the scope of IFRS 15.

When an entity recognises capitalised contract costs under IFRS 15, any such assets must be presented separately from contract assets and contract liabilities in the statement of financial position or disclosed separately in the notes to the financial statements (assuming they are material).Contract costs

Furthermore, entities must consider the requirements in IAS 1 on classification of current assets when determining whether their contract cost assets are … Read more

Acquisitions exclusively with a view to disposal

Acquisitions exclusively with a view to disposal

Entities often acquire non-current assets exclusively with a view to disposal/sale (or exclusively with a view to disposal). Such a non-Read more

Discontinued operations

The definition: Discontinued operations is a component of an entity that either has been disposed off, or is classified as held for sale, and:

  1. represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations, Discontinued operations
  2. is part of a single coordinated plan to dispose of a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations; or
  3. is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale. Discontinued operations

and the second definition: A component of an entity comprises operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished, operationally and for financial reporting purposes, from the rest of the entity. In other words, a component of an entity will have been a cash-generating unit or a group … Read more

Presentation of discontinued operations

The presentation of discontinued operations is part of IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations.

Presentation of discontinued operations

The profit or loss for the year on discontinued operations is presented as a separate line in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income after the figure ‘profit for the year’. Presentation of discontinued operations

The line items from ‘Revenue’ to ‘profit for the year’ should therefore include continuing operations only. The figure for discontinued operations should include the post tax gain or loss on disposal of the assets of the operation (if sold) or the gain or loss on re-measurement following transfer to ‘held for sale’ (if relevant). Presentation of discontinued operations

If … Read more

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities

IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interest in Other Entities is a consolidated disclosure standard requiring a wide range of disclosures about an entity’s interests in subsidiaries, joint arrangements, associates and unconsolidated ‘structured entities’. Disclosures are presented as a series of objectives, with detailed guidance on satisfying those objectives.

IFRS 12

Source: PKF Summaries & Snapshots

Or in more detail……

SCOPE

DEFINITIONS

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Revenue recognition at a point in time

Revenue recognition at a point in time is included in IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here), that introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. Revenue recognition at a point in time

We can say that Read more

IFRS 15 Revenue recognition

IFRS 15 Revenue recognition is a primary and fundamental subject in the recognition of revenue. There are two ways of recognising revenue, revenue recognition over time and revenue recognition at a point in time. Revenue recognition over time is often referred to as the ‘Percentage of completion‘ method under the (superseded) IAS 11 Construction contracts.

The general principle is the revenue is recognised at a point in time (and as such it is the most common type of sales transaction at least in volume, just think of: a retailer sells a candy bar for cash in the shopping mall). As a result there are three criterion (see below ability, direct the use and obtain benefits from) that … Read more

IFRS 16 Lease term explained

IFRS 16 Lease term explained or the lease term includes the following items (IFRS 16 18):

  • non-cancellable period of a lease; IFRS 16 Lease term explained
  • periods covered by an option to extend the lease – if the lessee (customer) is reasonably certain to exercise that option; and
  • periods covered by an option to terminate the lease – if the lessee (customer) is reasonably certain not to exercise that option.

The lease term should not go beyond the ‘enforceable period’ which lasts up to a point when both parties have the right to terminate the lease without permission from the other party with no more than an insignificant penalty (IFRS 16 B34).

Legal framework in a given country plays … Read more

IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

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IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

This requires all parent entities to present consolidated financial statements, other than:IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

Assessment of investment entities

The assessment of investment entities is documenting whether an entity meets the definition, all facts and circumstances should be considered, including the entity’s purpose and design [IFRS 10 B85A]. It will often be straightforward to determine whether an entity is an investment entity. However, in view of the fundamental importance this assessment has on affected entities’ financial statements, IFRS 10 provides extensive application guidance.

More detail on each element of the definition is provided below:

1 Investment services condition

One of the essential activities of an investment entity is that it obtains funds from investors in order to provide those investors with investment management services. This is a feature that distinguishes investment entities and other entities, although … Read more