IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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IFRS 15 Contract modifications Decision tree

IFRS 15 Contract modifications Decision tree guides you through the treatment of changes in contracts under IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers.

Parties to an arrangement frequently agree to modify the scope or price (or both) of their contract. If that happens, an entity must determine whether the modification is accounted for as a new contract or as part of the existing contract. Generally, it is clear when a contract modification has taken place, but in some circumstances, that determination is more difficult. [see IFRS 15 18 – 19]

Account for contract modifications timely

IFRS 15 indicates that an entity may have to account for a contract modification prior to the parties reaching final agreement on changes in … Read more

Revenue from additional goods or services

Revenue from additional goods or services – Under some contracts, entities provide the customer with the right to future purchases of additional tech products or services for an amount below fair value.

Under IFRS 15, such options are separate performance obligations if they provide a material right to the customer that it would not receive without entering into that contract. For example, it may convey a material right if the discount exceeds the range of discounts typically given for those goods or services to that class of customer in that geographical area or market.

If an option is a separate performance obligation, a portion of the transaction price is allocated to the option (see Allocation of transaction price to performance Read more

Performance obligation

Performance obligation – [IFRS 15 Appendix A – Defined terms]

Such an obligation is a promise in a contract with a customer to transfer to the customer either:

  1. a good or service (or a bundle of goods or services) that is distinct; or
  2. a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer to the customer.

Context Performance obligation Performance obligation Performance obligation

For revenue to be recognized, the following conditions must be satisfied:

  1. Risks and rewards have been transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  2. The seller does not have control over the goods sold.
  3. The collection of payment from goods or services is reasonably assured.
  4. The amount of revenue can be reasonably measured.
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Options to purchase additional goods or services

Options to purchase additional goods or services – Contracts frequently include options for customers to purchase additional goods or services in the future. Customer options that provide a material right to the customer (such as a free or discounted good or service) give rise to a separate performance obligation. In this case, the performance obligation is the option itself, rather than the underlying goods or services. Management will allocate a portion of the transaction price to such options, and recognize revenue allocated to the option when the additional goods or services are transferred to the customer, or when the option expires.

The additional consideration that would result from a customer exercising an option in the future is not included … Read more

Identify the contract with the customer

Identify the contract with the customer – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts. Identify the contract with the customer


The model in IFRS 15 applies to each contract with a customer. Contracts may be written, oral or implied by an entity’s customary business practices, but must be legally enforceable and meet specified attributes. Identify the contract with the customer

Attributes of a contract Identify the contract with the customer

To help entities determine whether (and when) their arrangements with customers are contracts within the scope of the model in the standard, the Board identified certain attributes … Read more

Promises in a contract

Promises in a contract What are promises in a contract, from an accounting/financial reporting point of view and from a legal point of view.

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here.

Promises in a contract from an accounting/financial reporting point of view

Promises in a contract can be explicit, … Read more