Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements

Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial StatementsShort – To establish principles for the presentation and preparation of consolidated financial statements when an entity controls one or more other entities Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements

Longer – IFRS 10 replaces the part of IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements that addresses accounting for subsidiaries on consolidation. What remains in IAS 27 after the implementation of IFRS 10 is the accounting treatment for subsidiaries, jointly controlled entities and associates in their separate financial statements. Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration

The aim of IFRS 10 is to establish a single control model that is applied to all entities including special purpose entities. The changes require those dealing with the implementation of IFRS 10 to exercise Read more

IFRS 7 Financial instruments Disclosures High level summary

Scope IFRS 7 Financial instruments Disclosures High level summary

IFRS 7 applies to all recognised and unrecognised financial instruments (including contracts to buy or sell non-financial assets) except:

  • Interests in subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures, where IAS 27/28 or IFRS 10/11 permit accounting in accordance with IAS 39/IFRS 9
  • Assets and liabilities resulting from IAS 19
  • Insurance contracts in accordance with IFRS 4 (excluding embedded derivatives in these contracts if IAS 39/IFRS 9 require separate accounting)
  • Financial instruments, contracts and obligations under IFRS 2, except contracts within the scope of IAS 39/IFRS 9
  • Puttable instruments (IAS 32.16A-D).

Disclosure requirements: Significance of financial instruments in terms of the financial position and performance

Statement of financial position

Statement of

Read more

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13 – Several IFRS standards provide guidance regarding the scope and application of the fair value option for assets and liabilities. Here they are from 1 to 11…….

1 Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments held by venture capital organizations and the like are exempt from IAS 28’s requirements only when they are measured at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9. Changes in the fair value of such investments are recognized in profit or loss in the period of change.

The IASB acknowledged that fair value information is often readily available in venture capital organizations and entities in similar industries, even for start-up and non-listed entities, as … Read more

Completely understand 1 consolidated and 2 separate financial statements

Completely understand 1 consolidated and 2 separate financial statements is a summary of the requirements of IFRS 10 Consolidated financial statements, IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements, IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities and IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint ventures and IAS 27 Separate financial statements.

Major topics discussed are:

  • The single control model in IFRS 10 that applies to all entities (including ‘structured entities’ or ‘variable interest entities’ as they are referred to in US GAAP). The changes introduced by IFRS 10 require continuous management to exercise significant judgement to determine which entities are controlled, and therefore are required to be consolidated by a parent. IFRS 10 may periodically change which entities are within a group
Read more

Equity method

Equity method is used to account for investments in associates and joint-ventures. Simply put, the equity accounting method is a simplified form of consolidation (IAS 28 27), with one major difference: items are not added line-by-line, but a single asset (investment in associate or joint-venture) is recognised in the statement of financial position and single lines are presented in P/L and OCI.

The equity method is a method of accounting whereby the investment is initially recognised at cost and adjusted thereafter for the post-acquisition change in the investor’s share of the investee’s net assets.

The investor’s profit or loss includes its share of the investee’s profit or loss and the investor’s other comprehensive income includes its share … Read more

Significant influence

Significant influence is a term used in IFRS regarding investments in joint ventures and associates as well as related parties.

Significant influence (relating to interests in joint ventures)

The power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of an activity but is not control or joint control over those policies.

Significant influence (relating to investments in associates)

The power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee but is not control or joint control over those policies.

Significant influence (relating to related party transactions)

The power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of an entity, but not control those policies. Significant influence may be exercised in several ways, usually

Read more

Impairment of assets Highlights

Impairment of assets Highlights in IAS 36 applies to: Impairment of assets Highlights

The standard requires an entity to recognise impairment when its assets are carried at more than their recoverable amount. The standard prescribes procedures that an entity has to apply to ensure assets are carried at no more than their recoverable amount as illustrated here.

Impairment of assets Highlights

In terms of IAS 36 at the end of each reporting period, the reporting entity is required to assess whether there is … Read more

Investments material associates disclosures

Investments material associates disclosures Investments material associates disclosures – The subject of investments material associates disclosures may be aggregated for interests in similar entities, with the method of aggregation being disclosed (aggregation being consolidation). A quantitative and qualitative analysis, taking into account the different risk and return characteristics of each entity, is made in order to determine the aggregation level. IFRS 12 gives the following examples of aggregation levels: by nature of activities, by industry or by geography. [IFRS 12.4, B2–B6]

However, as a minimum, information is given separately for interests in subsidiaries, joint ventures, joint operations, associates and unconsolidated structured entities. [IFRS 12.B4–B6]

IFRS 12 emphasises that it’s necessary for financial statement preparers to strike a balance between … Read more

Separate financial statements

Separate financial statements – IAS 27 shall be applied in accounting for investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates when an entity prepares separate financial statements.

The laws of some countries require companies to present separate financial statements prepared in accordance with local regulations, and those local regulations require the investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures to be accounted for using equity method. However, under International Accounting Standard (“IAS”) 27, the investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures in separate financial statements could only be accounted for at cost or in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standard (“IFRS”) 9. In order to tackle this issue, the International Accounting Standards Board has issued the amendments to IAS 27 to allow … Read more