IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

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Overview IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

Employee service costs are recognised in profit or loss over the vesting period from the service commencement date until vesting date. The following topics are of importance in IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

Service commencement date and grant date

The ‘vesting period’ is the period during which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied in order for the employees to be entitled unconditionally to the equity instrument. Normally, this is the period between grant date and the vesting date (see IFRS 2 Definitions).

However, services are recognised when they are received and grant date may occur after the employees have begun rendering services. … Read more

Measurement uncertainty

Measurement uncertainty – Uncertainty that arises when the result of applying a measurement basis is imprecise and can be determined only with a range.

Measurement uncertainty arises when a measure cannot be determined directly by observing prices in an active market and must instead be estimated.

The level of measurement uncertainty associated with a particular measurement basis may affect whether information provided by that measurement basis provides a faithful representation of an entity’s financial position and financial performance. A high level of measurement uncertainty does not necessarily prevent the use of a measurement basis that provides relevant information.

However, in some cases the level of measurement uncertainty is so high that information provided by a measurement basis might not provide … Read more

IFRS 2 Employee equity-settled share-based payment

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IFRS 2 Employee equity-settled share-based payment – Headlines

Employee services are recognised as expenses, unless they qualify for recognition as assets, with a corresponding increase in equity.

  • Employee service costs are recognised over the vesting period from the service commencement date until vesting date.
  • Employee services are measured indirectly with reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted; this is done by applying the modified grant-date method. If, in rare circumstances, the fair value of the equity instruments granted cannot be measured reliably, then the intrinsic value method is applied.
  • Under the modified grant-date method, the grant-date fair value of the equity instruments granted is determined once at grant date, which may be after the
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The Statement of Cash Flows

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A Historical Perspective on the Statement of Cash Flows

In 1987, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued an accounting standard, FASB Statement no. 95, requiring that the statement of cash flows be presented as one of the three primary financial statements. Previously, companies had been required to present a statement of changes in financial position, often called the funds statement. In 1971, APC Opinion no. 19 made the funds statement a required financial statement although many companies had begun reporting funds flow information several years earlier.

The funds statement provided useful information, but it had several limitations. First, APB Opinion no. 19 allowed considerable flexibility in how funds could be defined and how they were reported Read more

Sales warranties

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Sales warranties – the Case: Example on recognising and measuring provisions

A manufacturer gives warranties at the time of sale to purchasers of its product. Under the terms of the contract for sale, the manufacturer undertakes to make good, by repair or replacement, manufacturing defects that become apparent within three years from the date of sale. On the basis of experience, it is probable (ie more likely than not) that there will be some claims under the warranties.

Considerations Sales warranties

Present obligation as a result of a past obligating event—the obligating event is the sale of the product with a warranty, which gives rise to a legal obligation. Sales warranties

An outflow of resources embodying economic … Read more

Full derecognition with recognition of new assets or liabilities

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Full derecognition with recognition of new assets or liabilities

Full derecognition (transferred off-balance sheet) – with recognition of any new assets or liabilities Full derecognition with recognition of new assets or liabilities

Assets

95% of transfers resulting in full recognition are simple, the entity that has recorded a financial asset receives cash and removes the asset from its financial position.

However, IFRS defines a more fundamental approach to also cover the 5% large, difficult to understand but material transactions. 

An entity that derecognises a financial asset in its entirety includes the difference between the carrying amount of the asset and the consideration received (including any cumulative gain or loss that had been recognised directly in equity) in the income statement.

An entity that derecognises only a Read more

Percentage of completion method Construction

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Percentage of completion method Construction – The percentage of completion method is used when the contract involves the completion of more than one act. Under the percentage of completion method, revenue is recognized proportionately with “the extent of work accomplished” by the contractor, by reference to the performance of each act (performance obligation). Under IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers, the percentage of completion method classifies as revenue recognition over time.

Many contractors have adopted what they believe to be the percentage of completion method using billings or periodic payment certificates as a basis for recognizing revenue. This is only appropriate under IFRS if the amount billed is representative of the extent … Read more

Intrinsic value

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Intrinsic value – The difference between the fair value of the shares to which the counterparty has the (conditional or unconditional) right to subscribe or which it has the right to receive, and the price (if any) the counterparty is (or will be) required to pay for those shares. For example, a share option with an exercise price of CU15, on a share with a fair value of CU20, has an intrinsic value of CU5.

In finance, intrinsic value refers to the value of a company, stock, currency or product determined through fundamental analysis without reference to its market value. It is also frequently called fundamental value. It is ordinarily calculated by summing the discounted future … Read more

Insurance modelling

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Insurance modelling – The estimates of future cash flows should incorporate all reasonable and supportable information available without undue cost or effort about amount, timing and uncertainty of those future cash flows. To accomplish this, an entity should estimate the expected value of the full range of possible outcomes. Estimates and assumptions should be unbiased (that is, neither conservative nor optimistic). Insurance modelling

The objective of considering the full range of all possible outcomes is to incorporate all reasonable and supportable information. An insurer is not required to identify every possible scenario. Explicit scenarios are not required if the result meets the objective. However, a single scenario based on the most likely outcome or the more-likely-than-not outcome Read more