IFRS 2 Fair value of equity instruments granted

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IFRS 2 Fair value of equity instruments granted – Share-based payment transactions with employees are measured with reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted (IFRS 2.11).

The fair value of a equity instrument granted is determined as follows (IFRS 2.16-17):

  • If market prices are available for the actual equity instruments granted – i.e. shares or share options with the same terms and conditions – then the estimate of fair value is based on these market prices. IFRS 2 Fair value of equity instruments granted
  • If market prices are not available for the equity instruments granted, then the fair value of equity instruments granted is estimated using a valuation technique.

IFRS … Read more

The 2 essential types of share-based payments

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The 2 essential types of share-based payments – Snapshot

Share-based payments are classified based on whether the entity’s obligation is to deliver its own equity instruments (equity-settled) or cash or other assets (cash-settled).

1. Equity-settled share-based payments

For equity-settled transactions, an entity recognises a cost and a corresponding entry in equity.

Measurement is based on the grant-date fair value of the equity instruments granted.

Market and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the initial measurement of fair value, with no subsequent true-up for differences between expected and actual outcome.

The estimate of the number of equity instruments for which the service and non-market performance conditions are expected to be satisfied is revised during the vesting period such that Read more

Basis adjustment

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[IFRS 9 Fair value hedge] The adjustment to the amortized cost basis of the hedged item from applying fair value hedge accounting is referred to as a basis adjustment. Basis adjustments are accounted for in the same manner as other components of the amortized cost basis of the hedged item. 

Explanations: Basis adjustment in hedging

A fair value hedge is a hedge of the exposure to changes in the fair value of a recognized asset or liability, or of an unrecognized firm commitment, that are attributable to a particular risk.

In general, the fair value hedge accounting model has two main elements: Basis adjustment in hedging

Hedging instrument

Hedged item

A derivative hedging instrument is recognized at

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Continuing involvement

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The continuing involvement approach applies if the entity has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and control has not passed to the transferee. Under the continuing involvement approach, the entity continues to recognise part of the asset. That part represents the extent of its continuing exposure to the risks and rewards of the transferred asset. That is, the continuing involvement asset will include both obligations to support the risks arising from the asset’s cash flows (for example, if a guarantee has been provided) and the right to receive benefits from these cash flows. A liability is also recognised in these circumstances. IFRS 9 contains some guidance on how to account for Read more

Synthetic products

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Synthetic products are financial instruments. Synthetic products – essentially covered options and certificates – are characterised by their identical or similar profit and loss structures when compared with specific traditional financial instruments (shares or bonds). They result from the combination of two or several financial instruments in the same product. Basket certificates, based on a specific number of selected shares, are one typical example. Synthetic products

Synthetic products can be traded either on a stock-exchange or over-the-counter. Due to the important number of possible combinations, each synthetic product has its own risks. Synthetic products

However, generally, the risks associated to synthetic products are not always the same as the risks associated to the financial instruments they … Read more

Share-based payment

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In share-based payment transactions, an entity receives goods or services from a counterparty and grants equity instruments (equity-settled share-based payment transactions) or incurs a liability to deliver cash or other assets for amounts that are based on the price (or value) of equity instruments (cash-settled share-based payment transactions) as consideration.

The following transactions are not in the scope of IFRS 2:

  • transactions with counterparties acting as shareholders rather than as suppliers of goods or services;
  • transactions in which a share-based payment is made in exchange for control of a business; and
  • transactions in which contracts to acquire non-financial items in exchange for a share-based payment are in the scope of the financial instruments standards.

A ‘counterpartyRead more