IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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A closer look at IFRS 15 the new revenue model

A closer look at IFRS 15 the new revenue model – IFRS 15 establishes principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer. A closer look at IFRS 15 the new revenue model

The revenue model applies to all contracts with customers except leases, insurance contracts, financial instruments, guarantees and certain non-monetary exchanges. The sale of non-monetary financial assets, such as property, plant and equipment, real estate or intangible assets will also be subject to some of the requirements of IFRS 15.

A contract with a customer may be partially within the scope of IFRS … Read more

Significant insurance risk

Significant insurance risk – An insurance contract is only in the scope of IFRS 17 if it transfers a significant amount of insurance risk to the entity (or reinsurer).

Insurance risk is only significant if there is at least one scenario with commercial substance where the compensation paid by the insurer is significant, disregarding the likelihood of that scenario. If commercial substance exists only in very unlikely scenarios, but the contract covers all these scenarios, then this qualifies as being significant (see IFRS 17 B18).

Insurance risk can already be significant even if the policyholder still has to opt for insurance cover in the future, but with insurance rates already specified. Also, an insurance contract remains an insurance contract Read more

IFRS 15 Contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Contracts with customers defines a contract as an agreement between two or more parties that creates enforceable rights and obligations.

Based on IFRS 15.9, an entity should account for a contract with a customer that is within its scope only when all of the following criteria are met:

  1. The parties to the contract have approved the contract and are committed to perform their respective obligations. IFRS 15 Contracts with customers
  2. The entity can identify each party’s rights regarding the goods or services to be transferred.
  3. The entity can identify the payment terms for the goods or services to be transferred.
  4. The contract has commercial substance. IFRS 15 Contracts with customers
  5. It is probable that the entity will collect substantially all of the
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In-substance fixed lease payments

Lease payments include any in-substance fixed lease payments. In-substance fixed lease payments are payments that may, in form, contain variability but that, in substance, are unavoidable. In-substance fixed lease payments exist, for example, if:

  • payments are structured as variable lease payments, but there is no genuine variability in those payments. Those payments contain variable clauses that do not have real economic substance. Examples of those types of payments include:
    • payments that must be made only if an asset is proven to be capable of operating during the lease, or only if an event occurs that has no genuine possibility of not occurring; or
    • payments that are initially structured as variable lease payments linked to the use of the underlying asset
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Reassessment of the five identification criteria IFRS 15

Reassessment of the five identification criteria IFRS 15 – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. Reassessment of the five identification criteria IFRS 15

A reassessment of the five identification criteria IFRS 15 is only necessary when concerns arise from a change in facts and … Read more

Identify the contract with the customer

Identify the contract with the customer – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts. Identify the contract with the customer


The model in IFRS 15 applies to each contract with a customer. Contracts may be written, oral or implied by an entity’s customary business practices, but must be legally enforceable and meet specified attributes. Identify the contract with the customer

Attributes of a contract Identify the contract with the customer

To help entities determine whether (and when) their arrangements with customers are contracts within the scope of the model in the standard, the Board identified certain attributes … Read more

Insurances Classification and Measurement

Insurances Classification and Measurement – Introduction

(first part from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insurance) Insurances Classification and Measurement

Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss. It is a form of risk management, primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent or uncertain loss. Insurances Classification and Measurement

An entity which provides insurance is known as an insurer, insurance company, insurance carrier or underwriter. A person or entity who buys insurance is known as an insured or as a policyholder. The insurance transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate the insured in the event of a covered loss.

The loss may or Read more