High level overview IFRS 3 Business Combinations

Last update


ScopeHigh level overview IFRS 3 Business Combinations

IFRS 3 does not apply to:

  • The accounting for the formation of a joint arrangement in the financial statements of the joint arrangement itself.
  • Acquisition of an asset or group of assets that is not a business.
  • A combination of entities or businesses under common control.


A business combination is: A transaction or event in which acquirer obtains control over a business (e.g. acquisition of shares or net assets, legal mergers, reverse acquisitions).

Definition of a “Business”

A business is:

  • Integrated set of activities and assets
  • Capable of being conducted and managed to provide return
  • Returns include dividends and cost savings.

High level overview IFRS 3 Business Combinations Read more

Consolidated financial statements

IFRS 10 Definition of consolidated financial statements

The financial statements of a group in which the assets, liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows of the parent and its subsidiaries are presented as those of a single economic entity.

ParentAn entity that controls one or more entities.

The other types of financial statements are unconsolidated financial statements (or company accounts) and combined financial statements.

Single economic entity concept

The concept of a single economic entity is illustrated in the example below:

Example – Single economic entity concept

A subsidiary buys an asset from a third party for CU 100. It subsequently sells the asset on to its parent for CU 130. The subsidiary records a profit

Read more

5 Comprehensive cash flow accounting events

Last update

Here are 5 Comprehensive cash flow accounting events with special presentation and/or disclosure requirements under IAS 7. They are:

1 IFRS 9 Classification of cash flows arising from a derivative used in an economic hedge

Consequential amendments were not made to IAS 7 as a result of the introduction of, and subsequent changes to, IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

A related issue which often arises in practice is the classification of cash flows that arise from a derivative that, although used economically to hedge exposures, is not designated in an IFRS 9 qualifying hedge relationship. The same issue arises under IAS 39, for those insurers that meet the criteria for, and have chosen to apply, the temporary exemption … Read more

IFRS 7 Complete Maturity analysis disclosure

Last update

IFRS 7 Complete Maturity analysis disclosure – IFRS 7 requires certain disclosures to be presented by category of an instrument based on the IFRS 9 recognition and measurement categories of financial instruments.

Certain other disclosures are required by class of financial instrument. For those disclosures an entity must group its financial instruments into classes of similar instruments as appropriate to the nature of the information presented. [IFRS 7 6]

The two main categories of disclosures required by IFRS 7 are:

  1. information about the significance of financial instruments [IFRS 7 7 – 30]
  2. information about the nature and extent of risks arising from financial instruments [IFRS 7 31 – 42]

So … Read more

Completely understand 1 consolidated and 2 separate financial statements

Last update

Completely understand 1 consolidated and 2 separate financial statements is a summary of the requirements of IFRS 10 Consolidated financial statements, IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements, IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities and IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint ventures and IAS 27 Separate financial statements.

Major topics discussed are:

  • The single control model in IFRS 10 that applies to all entities (including ‘structured entities’ or ‘variable interest entities’ as they are referred to in US GAAP). The changes introduced by IFRS 10 require continuous management to exercise significant judgement to determine which entities are controlled, and therefore are required to be consolidated by a parent. IFRS 10 may periodically change which entities are
Read more

IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

Last update

This is what this is about: IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements. This requires all parent entities to present consolidated financial statements, other than:IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

  • parent entities that are investment entities (see exception in link). These are an exception to consolidation if they are required (in accordance with IFRS 10 31) to measure all of their subsidiaries at fair value through profit or loss [IFRS 10 4B].

  • intermediate parent entities that meet the strict conditions for exemption, which are set out below:

IFRS 10 Cases of no consolidation requirements

Conditions for a parent entity to be exempt from consolidation [IFRS 10 4]

A parent is not required to present consolidated

Read more

Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

Last update

Investments in Joint Ventures Overview that is what this is……

An entity with joint control of an investee shall account for its investment in a joint venture using the equity method except when that investment qualifies for exemption in IAS 28. Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

The exemptions include:Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

  • if the entity is a parent that is exempt from preparing consolidated financial statements by the scope exception in paragraphs 4(a) of IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements; or Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
  • all of the following apply: Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
    1. the entity is a wholly-owned subsidiary, or is a partially-owned subsidiary of another entity and its other owners, including those
Read more

Financial statements

Last update

It is not really necessary to define financial statements, but because IFRS is the frame within which IFRS statements are prepared and because there are quite a few different definitions within IFRS relating to and specifying types of financial statements here a those definitions and some other sorted remarks and explanations.

Financial statements – are a structured representation of the financial position and financial performance of an entity. The objective of these accounts is to provide information about the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions. These accounts to a certain extent also show the results of the management’s stewardship of … Read more

Accounting treatment acquisition of a business or assets

Last update

Accounting treatment acquisition of a business or asset(s)Accounting treatment acquisition of a business or assets – An entity has to determine whether a transaction or other event is a business combination, which requires that the assets acquired and liabilities assumed constitute a business. If the assets acquired are not a business, the reporting entity shall account for the transaction or other event as an asset acquisition.

Whether the simplified (optional) concentration tests is applied or a detailed assessment applying the normal requirements in IFRS 3 is applied, in IFRS 3 (simplified in May 2019) the result of the assessment of what was acquired is the acquirer obtained control over a business (business combination or business acquisition) or a (group of similar) identifiable asset(s) (asset Read more

Ability to use power to affect the returns

Last update

“The ability to use power to affect the returns” means that an investor controls an investee not only if (s)he has power and exposure to its returns but also the ability to use its power to affect these returns. If not, an investor which has decision-making rights with regard to an investee but which cannot influence the investee’s returns will be considered an “agent” – and not the “principal” that is in control of the investee. [IFRS 10 17 Link between power and returns]

Summarised: Ability to use power to affect the returns

  • the definition reflects the fact that IFRS 10 applies to special purpose or structured entities as well as more conventional entities
  • in
Read more