Excellent Study IFRS 9 Eligible Hedged items

IFRS 9 Eligible Hedged items

the insured items of business risk exposures

Although the popular definition of hedging is an investment taken out to limit the risk of another investment, insurance is an example of a real-world hedge.

Every entity is exposed to business risks from its daily operations. Many of those risks have an impact on the cash flows or the value of assets and liabilities, and therefore, ultimately affect profit or loss. In order to manage these risk exposures, companies often enter into derivative contracts (or, less commonly, other financial instruments) to hedge them. Hedging can, therefore, be seen as a risk management activity in order to change an entity’s risk profile.

The idea of hedge accounting is to reduce (insure) this mismatch by changing either the measurement or (in the case of certain firm commitments) FRS 9 Eligible Hedged itemsrecognition of the hedged exposure, or the accounting for the hedging instrument.

The definition of a Hedged item

A hedged item is an asset, liability, firm commitment, highly probable forecast transaction or net investment in a foreign operation that

  1. exposes the entity to risk of changes in fair value or future cash flows and
  2. is designated as being hedged

The hedge item can be:

Only assets, liabilities, firm commitments and forecast transactions with an external party qualify for hedge accounting. As an exception, a hedge of the foreign currency risk of an intragroup monetary item qualifies for hedge accounting if that foreign currency risk affects consolidated profit or loss. In addition, the foreign currency risk of a highly probable forecast intragroup transaction would also qualify as a hedged item if that transaction affects consolidated profit or loss. These requirements are unchanged from IAS 39.

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Related IFRS posts

IFRS 9 Inflation as a risk component

Inflation as a risk component – Under IAS 39, inflation cannot be designated as a hedged risk component for financial instruments, unless the inflation risk component is contractually specified. For non-financial instruments, inflation risk cannot be designated under IAS 39 as a risk component at all. Inflation as a risk component

Highlight – For financial instruments, IFRS 9 opens the door for designating a non-contractually specified inflation component as a hedged risk component – but only in limited circumstances. For non-financial instruments, the inflation component will be eligible for designation as the hedged item in a hedging relationship provided that it is separately identifiable and reliably measurable. Inflation as a risk component

For financial instruments, IFRS 9 introduces a rebuttable Read more

Hedge of a net position

Q: When can an entity make use of a hedge of a net position?

Considerations: Hedge of a net position
A EUR-functional currency entity has a sales department that sells certain items in USD. At the same time, the purchasing department buys certain products in USD. Each department is unaware of the other’s activities, but both want to hedge their forecast USD sales and purchases respectively. Assume that the sales department has USD 100,000 of sales in six months’ time, so it enters into a forward contract with the entity’s central treasury department (that is a separate entity within the same group). Hedge of a net position

The purchasing department has highly probable forecast purchases of USD 90,000, also … Read more

Example fair value hedge

Fair value hedge of changes in the benchmark interest rate for a variable-rate debt obligation Example fair value hedge

On January 1, Year 1 ABC Corp. issues a floating-rate non-amortizing debt instrument with a maturity of two years. The variable-rate liability resets every six months at the six-month LIBOR rate.Example fair value hedge

The six-month LIBOR rate on January 1, Year 1 is 2.5%. Example fair value hedge

At the same time, ABC enters into a six-month interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount equal to the face amount of the debt instrument. Under the terms of the swap agreement, ABC will receive the six-month LIBOR rate and pay the one-month LIBOR rate (for example 2.3%).

ABC wants to designate the interest Read more

Foreign currency basis spreads

Foreign currency basis spreads is about one of the other changes from IAS 39 to IFRS 9 in respect of hedge accounting

What is the cross currency basis spread

In general, the cross currency basis is a measure of dollar shortage in the market. The more negative the basis becomes, the more severe the shortage. For dollar-funded investors, negative basis can work in their favour when they hedge currency exposures. In order to hedge foreign currency exposure, the dollar-funded investors lend out dollar today and receive it back in the future, earning additional cross currency basis spread on top of the yield of their foreign investments. Foreign currency basis spreads

In fact, for years the Reserve Bank of Australia has Read more

Accounting for macro hedging

Accounting for macro hedging – Financial institutions, particularly retail banks, have as a core business, the collection of funds by depositors that are subsequently invested as loans to customers. This typically includes instruments such as current and savings accounts, deposits and borrowings, loans and mortgages that are usually accounted for Read more

Cash flow hedge of a net position

Cash flow hedge of a net position has changed from IAS 39 to IFRS 9, this section illustrates these changes for hedge accounting of a net position, by discussing the application under IAS 39 and the changes thereto under IFRS 9.

Many entities are exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from purchases and sales of goods or services denominated in foreign currencies. Cash inflows and outflows occurring on forecast transactions in the same foreign currency are often economically hedged on a net basis. For example, consider an entity that has forecast foreign currency sales of FC100 and purchases of FC80, both in 6 months. It hedges the net exposure using a single foreign exchange forward contract to sell FC20 in Read more

IFRS 9 Own use scope exemption

IFRS 9 Own use scope exemption

A reduction in the amount of funding available from equity markets, together with difficulty in obtaining loan finance, have meant that a number of developers and producers in the extractives industry have looked to other ways of obtaining finance. An increasingly common approach is to enter into a commodity loan under which a lender advances funds which,instead of being repaid in cash, may be repaid by the delivery of a quantity of a commodity during a specific period. These arrangements have become particularly common when they involve a commodity such as gold, which is traded on an active market. IFRS 9 Own use scope exemption

Key considerations in the application of the IFRS 9

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Hedging of a highly probable debt issuance

Hedging of a highly probable debt issuance – Q: Does IFRS 9 allow a highly probable forecast foreign currency debt issuance as eligible as a hedged item in a cash flow hedge of interest rate risk if the currency of issuance is not yet known?

Considerations:

At 1 January 200X, entity A, whose functional currency is the Euro, intends to issue a variable interest rate debt in six months’ time in order to finance future activities. Depending on the market conditions existing at 1 July 200X, entity A will decide Hedging of a highly probable debt issuancewhether the debt is issued in Euros or in US dollars. If the debt is issued in US dollars, then at the debt issuance date (1 July 200X) entity A … Read more

Cross-currency swap

Cross-currency swap – In a currency swap operation, also known as a cross-currency swap, the parties involved agree under contract to exchange the following: the principal amount of a loan in one currency and the interest applicable on it during a specified period of time for a corresponding amount and applicable interest in a second currency.

  • Cross-currency swaps are used to lock in exchange rates for set periods of time. Cross-currency swap
  • Interest rates can be fixed, variable, or a mix of both. Cross-currency swap
  • These instruments trade OTC, and can thus be customized by the parties involved. Cross-currency swap
  • While the exchange rate is locked in, there is still opportunity costs/gains as the exchange rate will likely change.
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