IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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Series provision

Series provision – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. Series provision

Under IFRS 15 a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer are accounted for as a single performance obligation.

As … Read more

What is a good or service that is distinct?

What is a good or service that is distinct – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. What is a good or service that is distinct?

Determining a distinct good or service is part of identifying separate performance obligations. An important item to look … Read more

Dealer sales vehicle incentives

Dealer sales vehicle incentives – To apply IFRS 15, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) will need to change the way they evaluate incentives. Original equipment manufacturers need to use significant judgement when they identify separate performance obligations (i.e., units of account), which may be different from those identified under IAS 18.

Original equipment manufacturers frequently offer sales incentives in contracts to sell vehicles to dealers. These sales incentives may be cash rebate bonuses or another type of incentive available to dealers and retail customers (who purchase the vehicle from the dealer). They may also include free, or heavily discounted, goods or services provided to retail customers, such as free satellite radio or free maintenance for a specified period. Dealer sales Read more

Long-term supply contracts

Long-term supply contracts – To apply IFRS 15, automotive parts suppliers (APSs) will need to change the way they evaluate long-term supply contracts. APSs need to use significant judgement when they identify separate performance obligations (i.e., units of account), which may be different from those identified under IAS 18.

Tooling equipment

APSs commonly enter into long-term arrangements with Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to provide specific parts, such as seat belts or steering wheels. An arrangement typically includes the construction for the tooling, which is required to be used when manufacturing the parts to meet the OEM’s specifications. In many cases, the APS will construct and transfer the legal title for the tooling to the OEM after construction, even though they … Read more

Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations – Engineering & Construction

Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts.


Once the performance obligations are identified and the transaction price has been determined, IFRS 15 requires (with some exceptions, as discussed below) an entity to allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in proportion to their stand-alone selling prices (i.e., on a relative stand-alone selling price basis).

To allocate the transaction price on a relative stand-alone selling price basis, an entity must first determine the stand-alone selling price (i.e., the price at which an entity would sell a good or … Read more

Consideration payable to a customer

Consideration payable to a customer – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here.

This section is part of step 3 determining the transaction price. Consideration payable to a customer includes cash amounts that a vendor pays, or expects to pay, to a customer (or … Read more

Measuring progress toward satisfaction of an obligation

Measuring progress toward satisfaction of an obligation or to be more accurate in IFRS: Measuring progress toward complete satisfaction of a performance obligation

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when.

The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here.

This section is part of step 5 Recognise revenue as or when each performance obligation Read more