The best way for IFRS 15 Measuring progress to completion

IFRS 15 Measuring progress to completion

– how to do it, what to use, learn it all

Introduction

For each performance obligation satisfied over time, revenue must be recognised over time (IFRS 15.39-45 & IFRS 15.B14-B19). To do so, an entity shall measure the progress towards complete satisfaction of the performance obligation.

The measurement of progress has the objective of faithfully depicting an entity’s performance in transferring control of the goods or services promised to the customer (that is, the extent to which the performance obligation is satisfied).

An entity shall apply a single method of measuring progress for each performance obligation satisfied over time, and shall apply that method consistently to similar performance obligations and in similar circumstances.

At the end of each reporting period, an entity shall remeasure its progress towards complete satisfaction of each performance obligation satisfied over time.

In July 2015 the Joint Transition Resource Group (TRG a combined effort by IASB and FASB to detect problems raised by the implementation of the revenue recognition standards) clarified that the principle of applying a single method of measuring progress for a given performance obligation is also applicable to a combined performance obligation, i.e. one that contains multiple non-distinct goods or services.

Hence, it is not appropriate to apply several methods depending on the stage of performance, even if these methods all belong to one of the two major categories of methods presented below (output methods vs input methods), for example a method measuring progress on the basis of hours expended, and a method measuring progress on the basis of labour costs incurred.

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Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

Contract Modifications under IFRS 15 – Just two practical examples, to better understand all kind of things for IFRS 15.

On 1 January 20X1, Wireless Company enters into a two-year contract with a customer for a 2-gigabyte (GB) data plan with unlimited talk and text for CU60/month and a subsidised handset for which the customer pays CU200. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

The handset has a stand-alone selling price of CU600. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

For purposes of this illustration, the time value of money has not been considered, the stand-alone selling price of the wireless plan is assumed to be the same as the contractual price and the effect of the constraint on variable consideration is not considered. … Read more

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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Determining when promises are performance obligations

In determining when promises are performance obligations the assessment has to be made whether

  1. the performance obligations consist of a series of distinct goods and/or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer, OR Determining when promises are performance obligations
  2. a series of non-distinct goods and/or services that are not substantially the same and not have the same pattern of transfer.

This is important in the recognition of revenue over time or at a point in time. Determining when promises are performance obligations

Separate performance obligations

After identifying the promised goods or services within a contract, an entity determines which of those goods or services will be treated as separate performance obligations. That is, … Read more

The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model

The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model -IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers was issued on 28 May 2014. It supersedes:

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  • IAS 11 Construction contracts; The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model
  • IFRIC 13 Customer Loyalty Programmes; The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model
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  • IFRIC 18 Transfers of Assets from Customers; and The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model
  • SIC-31 Revenue – Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services. The perfect 5 step-by-step revenue model

IFRS 15 will improve comparability of reported revenue over a range of industries, companies and geographical areas globally.

IFRS 15’s objective is to establish principles that … Read more

Distinct goods or services

Distinct goods or services is a cornerstone of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers. Distinct means the customer can benefit directly from the service

Option for discounted software

Option for discounted software in general the entity shall allocate a discount proportionately to all performance obligations in the contract with the customer.

Performance obligation

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer to the customer either 1 distinct goods/services or 2 a series of distinct goods/services

Step 2 Identify the performance obligations in the contract

Step 2 Identify the performance obligations in the contract is the second step in IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers. IFRS 15 The revenue recognition standard provides a single comprehensive standard that applies to nearly all industries and has changed revenue recognition quite significant. Step 2 Identify the performance obligations in the contract

IFRS 15 introduced a five step process for recognising revenue, as follows:Step 2 Identify the performance obligations in the contract

    1. Identify the contract with the customer
    2. Identify the performance obligations in the contract
    3. Determine the transaction price for the contract
    4. Allocate the transaction price to each specific performance obligation
    5. Recognise the revenue when the entity satisfies each performance obligation

Step two, identifying the performance obligations in the contract, is a critical step … Read more