Purchased and originated credit-impaired financial assets – IFRS 9 Best Read

Purchased and originated credit-impaired financial assets

Purchased and originated credit-impaired financial assets are those for which one or more events that have a detrimental impact on the estimated future cash flows have already occurred. If these financial assets had been originated or purchased before becoming credit impaired, they would be in Stage 3 and lifetime expected losses would be recognised.

Purchased and originated credit-impaired financial assetsIndicators that an asset is credit-impaired would include observable data about the following events:

  • Significant financial difficulty of the issuer or the borrower
  • Breach of contract,
  • The lender has granted concessions as a result of the borrower’s financial difficulty which the lender would not otherwise consider,
  • It is becoming probable that the borrower will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganisation,
  • The disappearance of an active market for that financial asset because of financial difficulties,
  • The financial asset is purchased or originated at a deep discount that reflects the incurred credit losses.

It may not be possible to identify a single discrete event. It could be the combined effect of several events may have caused financial assets to become credit-impaired.

Food for thought – Interaction between definitions of ‘credit-impaired’ and ‘default’
The definition of ‘credit-impaired’ under IFRS 9 may differ from the entity’s definition of ‘default’ (see explanation here). However, an entity’s definition of default should be consistent with its credit risk management, and should consider qualitative factors. For example, many financial institutions apply regulatory definitions of default for accounting and regulatory purposes – e.g. those issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision under which a default is considered to have occurred when it is unlikely that the obligor will be able to repay its obligation. The assessment of whether such a definition is met may be based on similar criteria to those used for assessing whether an asset is credit-impaired. In these cases, the asset would be considered to be in default when it is credit-impaired. (IFRS 9.5.5.37)

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1 Strong Read Determination of separable assets

Determination of separable assetsDetermination of separable assets

– Businesses are created to bring together diverse resources and generate synergies that will be realised in jointly produced cash flows. While businesses typically acquire assets separately, they realise benefits from them jointly. If no synergies were anticipated, there would be no point in bringing resources together in the first place. As a result, combinations of resources where synergies are believed to exist typically command a higher price when sold jointly than they would when sold separately. This creates a problem for example for the fair value and realisable value bases, which typically look at the amounts that could be realised from the disposal of separable assets.

Consider the case of an item of … Read more

IFRS 9 ECL Model best read – Impairment of investments and loans

Impairment of investments and loans

is about impairment in a ‘normal’ business not complicated accounting but straightforward accounting calculations.

Normal operations

Although the focus for IFRS 9 Financial Instruments is on financial institutions such as banks and insurance companies, ‘normal’ operating entities are also affected by IFRS 9. Maybe their investment and loan portfolios are less complex but in operating a business and as part of the internal credit risk management practice policy making it is still important to implement the impairment model under IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

The objective of these approaches to expected credit losses or timely recording of impairments/loss allowances is to provide approaches that result in a situation in which very different reporting entities all … Read more

Setting 1 complete scene the Expected Credit Losses model

the Expected Credit Losses model

Setting the scene the Expected Credit Losses model, start here to get a good understanding of ECL loss allowances or continue, you decide……

The Expected Credit Losses model (ECL) should be applied to:Setting the scene: the Expected Credit Losses model

1 Best guide Debt instruments at FVOCI

– A Read more

IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instruments

IFRS 9 Classification and – IFRS 9 uses the following criteria for determining the classification as of financial assets , … Read more

IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments

IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments establishes a new model for recognition and measurement of impairments in loans and receivables that are measured or FVOCI—the so-called “expected credit losses” model. This Read more

The general approach

The is as the name more or less implies the ‘normal’ approach to calculate an impairment loss on financial assets (Read more

The credit adjusted approach

The credit adjusted approach applies only rarely when an entity acquires or originates a loan or receivable that is “credit impaired” at the date of its initial recognition (e.g., when a loan is acquired at a deep discount due to credit concerns via a business combination). The credit adjusted approach

This is part of the impairment of financial instruments in IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments.

An asset is credit impaired when one or more events that have a detrimental effect on the estimated future cash flows of the asset have occurred. The credit adjusted approach is one of three IFRS 9 approaches for measuring and recognising expected credit losses, the other two are the general approachRead more

Change in the fair value of a bond

Change in the fair value of a bond – The following example illustrates the calculation that an entity might perform in accordance with the application guidance in IFRS 9 B5.7.18.

The case:

On 1 January 20X1 an entity issues a 10-year bond with a par value of CU150,0001 and an annual fixed coupon rate of 8 per cent, which is consistent with market rates for bonds with similar characteristics.

The entity uses LIBOR as its observable (benchmark) interest rate. At the date of inception of the bond, LIBOR is 5 per cent. At the end of the first year:

  1. LIBOR has decreased to 4.75 per cent.
  2. the fair value for the bond is CU153,811, consistent with an interest rate of
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