Disclosure Financial risk management

Disclosure Financial risk management

Disclosure financial risk management provides the guidance on the need for disclosure of the management policies, procedures and measurement practices in place at the operations within the reporting entity’s group of companies and an actual example of disclosures for financial risk management.

Disclosure Financial risk management guidance

Classes of financial instruments

Where IFRS 7 requires disclosures by class of financial instrument, the entity shall group its financial instruments into classes that are appropriate to the nature of the information disclosed and that take into account the characteristics of those financial instruments. The classes are determined by the entity and are therefore distinct from the categories of financial instruments specified in IFRS 9. Disclosure Financial risk management

As a minimum, the entity should distinguish between financial instruments measured at amortised cost and those measured at fair value, and treat as separate class any financial instruments outside the scope of IFRS 9. The entity shall provide sufficient information to permit reconciliation to the line items presented in the balance sheet. Guidance on classes of financial instruments and the level of required disclosures is provided in Appendix B to IFRS 7. [IFRS 7.6, IFRS 7.B1-B3]

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IFRS 7 Financial instruments Disclosures High level summary

Scope IFRS 7 Financial instruments Disclosures High level summary

IFRS 7 applies to all recognised and unrecognised financial instruments (including contracts to buy or sell non-financial assets) except:

  • Interests in subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures, where IAS 27/28 or IFRS 10/11 permit accounting in accordance with IAS 39/IFRS 9
  • Assets and liabilities resulting from IAS 19
  • Insurance contracts in accordance with IFRS 4 (excluding embedded derivatives in these contracts if IAS 39/IFRS 9 require separate accounting)
  • Financial instruments, contracts and obligations under IFRS 2, except contracts within the scope of IAS 39/IFRS 9
  • Puttable instruments (IAS 32.16A-D).

Disclosure requirements: Significance of financial instruments in terms of the financial position and performance

Statement of financial position

Statement of

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IFRS 7 Interest rate risk disclosure example

IFRS 7 Interest rate risk disclosure example – Interest rate risk is part of the risk disclosures requirements under IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures. Interest rate risk is part of market risk (the other market risks being currency risk and other price risk) and is defined as the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. IFRS 7 Interest rate risk disclosure example

Management should disclose information that enables users of its financial statements to evaluate the nature and extent of risks arising from financial instruments to which the entity is exposed at the end of the reporting period [IFRS 7 31]. The disclosures … Read more

Introduction IFRS 17 Insurance contracts

Introduction IFRS 17 Insurance contracts – More than 20 years in development, IFRS 17 represents a complete overhaul of accounting for insurance contracts. The new standard applies a current value approach to measuring insurance contracts and recognises profit as insurers provide services and are released from risk. Introduction IFRS 17 Insurance contracts

The profit or loss earned from underwriting activities are reported separately from financing activities. Detailed note disclosures explain how items like new business issued, experience in the year, cash receipts and payments, and changes in assumptions affected the performance and the carrying amount of insurance contracts. Introduction IFRS 17 Insurance contracts

IFRS 17 establishes principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of insurance contracts issued, reinsurance contracts Read more

General model in Insurance contracts measurement

The general model of measurement of insurance contracts in IFRS 17 is based on estimates of the fulfilment cash flows and contractual service margin.

IFRS 7 Market risk disclosures

Market risk - The risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market prices.

Risk adjustment for non-financial risks – 1 Best complete guide

Risk adjustment for non-financial risks

– The third element of measuring fulfilment cash flows in the general model (see ‘General model of measurement of insurance contracts’) is a risk adjustment for non-financial risk.

Here is how the risk adjustment for non-financial risks fits into the general model of measurement of insurance contracts. The general model is based on the following estimation parameters:

  • fulfillment cash flows, comprising of:Risk adjustment for non financial risks
    • a current estimate of unbiased and probability-weighted future cash flows expected to arise during the life of the contract;
    • a discount adjustment to reflect the time value of money and financial risks, such as liquidity and currency risks (layers of discounting);
    • an explicit risk adjustment for non-financial risks; and
  • a contractual
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Insurance Contract modification and derecognition

Contract modification and derecognition – A contract that qualifies as an insurance contract remains so until all rights and obligations are extinguished (i.e., discharged, cancelled or expired) unless the contract is derecognised because of a contract modification [IFRS 17 B25]. Contract modification and derecognition

IFRS 4 contained no guidance on when or whether a modification of an insurance contract might cause derecognition of that contract. Therefore, prior to IFRS 17, most insurers would have applied the requirements, if any, contained in local GAAP. ConInsurance coveragetract modification and derecognition

1. Modifications of insurance contracts

An insurance contract may be modified, either by agreement between the parties or as result of regulation. If the terms are modified, an entity must Read more

Measurement of contracts with participation features

Measurement of contracts with participation features – Entities that issue participating contracts (referred to in the standard as contracts with participation features) provide policyholders with a financial return on the premiums they pay by sharing the performance of underlying items with policyholders. Participating contracts can include cash flows with different characteristics, for example:

  • Cash flows that do not vary with returns from underlying items, e.g., death benefits and financial guarantees Measurement of contracts with participation features
  • Cash flows that vary with returns from underlying items — either via a contractual link to the returns on underlying items or through an entity’s right to exercise discretion in determining payments to policyholders Measurement of contracts with participation features

The cash flows of Read more