IFRS 7 Comprehensive Risk disclosures

IFRS 7 Comprehensive Risk disclosures – Management should disclose information that enables users of its financial statements to evaluate the nature and extent of risks arising from financial instruments to which the entity is exposed at the end of the reporting period [IFRS 7 31]. IFRS 7 Comprehensive Risk disclosures

IFRS 7 requires certain disclosures to be presented by category of an instrument based on the IFRS 9 recognition and measurement categories of financial instruments (previously the IAS 39 measurement categories). IFRS 7 Comprehensive Risk disclosures

Certain other disclosures are required by class of financial instrument. For those disclosures an entity must group its financial instruments into classes of similar instruments as appropriate to the nature of the … Read more

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13 – Several IFRS standards provide guidance regarding the scope and application of the fair value option for assets and liabilities. Here they are from 1 to 11…….

1 Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments held by venture capital organizations and the like are exempt from IAS 28’s requirements only when they are measured at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9. Changes in the fair value of such investments are recognized in profit or loss in the period of change.

The IASB acknowledged that fair value information is often readily available in venture capital organizations and entities in similar industries, even for start-up and non-listed entities, as … Read more

Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting – In corporate finance, a leveraged buyout (LBO) is a transaction where a company is acquired using debt as the main source of consideration. These transactions typically occur when a private equity (PE) firm borrows as much as they can from a variety of lenders (up to 70 or 80 percent of the purchase price) and funds the balance with their own equity. Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

1 The process and business reason

The use of leverage (debt) enhances expected returns to the private equity firm. By putting in as little of their own money as possible, PE firms can achieve a large return on equity (ROE) and internal rate of return … Read more

Combined financial statements

Combined financial statements: The combination of two or more legal entities or businesses that may or may not be part of the same group, but do not by themselves meet the definition of a group under IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements – i.e. a parent and all of its subsidiaries. At a simplistic level, preparing combined financial statements involves adding together two or more legal entities and eliminating any inter-company transactions – e.g. intercompany profits, revenue and expenses, receivables and payables and equity (e.g. unrealised gains and losses).

Debt instruments at FVOCI

Debt instruments at FVOCI – A debt instrument is classified as subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) under IFRS 9 if it meets both of the following criteria:

  • Hold to collect and sell business model test: The asset is held withi Series provision of distinct goods or services n a business model whose objective is achieved by both holding the financial asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and selling the financial asset; and
  • SPPI contractual cash flow characteristics test: The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This business model typically involves greater frequency and volume of sales than the hold Read more

Fair value through profit or loss

Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss 2. This is part of the classification of financial assets, representing the remaining or designated class of financial assets.

IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instruments

IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instruments – IFRS 9 uses the following criteria for determining the classification as of financial assets at Amortized Cost, FVOCI or FVPL categories apply: IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instrumen

IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instruments

The critical issues for classifying and measuring financial assets are whether: IFRS 9 Classification and Measurement of Financial Instruments

  • The objective of the entity’s business model is to hold assets only to collect cash flows, or to collect cash flows and to sell (“the Business Model test”), and

  • The contractual cash flows of an asset give rise to payments on specified dates that are solely payments of principal and interest (“SPPI”) on the principal amount outstanding (“the SPPI

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IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments

IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments establishes a new model for recognition and measurement of impairments in loans and receivables that are measured at Amortized Cost or FVOCI—the so-called “expected credit losses” model. This ECL model is the only impairment model that applies in IFRS 9 because all other assets are classified and measured at FVPL or, in the case of qualifying equity investments, FVOCI with no recycling to profit and loss. 

Expected credit losses IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments

Expected credit losses are calculated by: IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments

  1. identifying scenarios in which a loan or receivable defaults; IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments
  2. estimating the cash shortfall that would be incurred in each scenario if a default were to happen;
  3. multiplying
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The credit adjusted approach

The credit adjusted approach applies only rarely when an entity acquires or originates a loan or receivable that is “credit impaired” at the date of its initial recognition (e.g., when a loan is acquired at a deep discount due to credit concerns via a business combination). The credit adjusted approach

This is part of the impairment of financial instruments in IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments.

An asset is credit impaired when one or more events that have a detrimental effect on the estimated future cash flows of the asset have occurred. The credit adjusted approach is one of three IFRS 9 approaches for measuring and recognising expected credit losses, the other two are the general approachRead more

The general approach

The general approach is as the name more or less implies the ‘normal’ approach to calculate an impairment loss on financial assets (at amortised costs (for example trade receivables) or at the fair value OCI option), loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts (both not at FVPL), lease receivables and contract assets (with a significant financing component). These assets/commitments/contracts can also -by policy election- be impaired using the simplified approach. More regular trade receivables and contract assets without a significant financing component are mostly impaired using the simplified approach.

This is part of the expected credit losses in IFRS 9 Impairment of Financial Instruments

Identifying whether a significant increase in credit risk has occurred

A critical factor in applying … Read more