Excellent Study IFRS 9 Eligible Hedged items

IFRS 9 Eligible Hedged items

the insured items of business risk exposures

Although the popular definition of hedging is an investment taken out to limit the risk of another investment, insurance is an example of a real-world hedge.

Every entity is exposed to business risks from its daily operations. Many of those risks have an impact on the cash flows or the value of assets and liabilities, and therefore, ultimately affect profit or loss. In order to manage these risk exposures, companies often enter into derivative contracts (or, less commonly, other financial instruments) to hedge them. Hedging can, therefore, be seen as a risk management activity in order to change an entity’s risk profile.

The idea of hedge accounting is to reduce (insure) this mismatch by changing either the measurement or (in the case of certain firm commitments) FRS 9 Eligible Hedged items recognition of the hedged exposure, or the accounting for the hedging instrument.

The definition of a Hedged item

A hedged item is an asset, liability, firm commitment, highly probable forecast transaction or net investment in a foreign operation that

  1. exposes the entity to risk of changes in fair value or future cash flows and
  2. is designated as being hedged

The hedge item can be:

Only assets, liabilities, firm commitments and forecast transactions with an external party qualify for hedge accounting. As an exception, a hedge of the foreign currency risk of an intragroup monetary item qualifies for hedge accounting if that foreign currency risk affects consolidated profit or loss. In addition, the foreign currency risk of a highly probable forecast intragroup transaction would also qualify as a hedged item if that transaction affects consolidated profit or loss. These requirements are unchanged from IAS 39.

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High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting 1

Source: BDO IFRS at a glance

Or in some more detail…..

OBJECTIVE

The objective of hedge accounting is to represent, in the financial statements, the effect of an entity’s risk management activities that use financial instruments to manage exposures arising from particular risks that could affect profit or loss (or other comprehensive income, in the case of investments in equity instruments for which an entity has elected to present changes in fair value in other comprehensive income).

SCOPE

A hedging relationship qualifies for hedge accounting only if all the following criteria are met:

  1. the hedging relationship consists only of eligible hedging instruments and eligible hedged items.
  2. at
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11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13 – Several IFRS standards provide guidance regarding the scope and application of for assets and liabilities. Here they are from 1 to 11…….

1 Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments held by venture capital organizations and the like are exempt from IAS 28’s requirements … Read more

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Liabilities and equity

The issuer of a financial instrument shall classify the instrument, or its component parts, on initial recognition as a financial liability, a financial asset or an equity instrument in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement and the definitions of a financial liability, a financial asset and an equity instrument. IAS 32 Financial Instruments Presentation

The entity must on initial recognition … Read more

Offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities

Offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities – IAS 32 prescribes rules for the offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities. It specifies that a financial asset and a financial liability should be offset and the net amount reported when and only when, an enterprise (IAS 32 42 ): Offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities

  • has a legally enforceable right to set off the amounts; and
  • intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. Offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities 18

Offsetting is usually inappropriate when: Offsetting of financial assets and financial liabilities

  • several different financial instruments are used to emulate the features of a single financial instrument (a ‘synthetic instrument’);
  • financial assets and financial liabilities
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Net investment hedge

The net investment hedge is one of three hedges defined in IFRS 9, the others are the fair value hedge and the cash flow hedge, in use for FX operations inv.

Convertible notes Basic requirements

Convertible notes Basic requirements is a introduction of an important financing arrangement for high tech start ups all over the world. Convertible notes are financial instruments that fall within the scope of IAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation and IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

IAS 32 contains the definitions of financial liabilities, financial assets and equity. Therefore, whether a financial instrument should be classified as liability or equity is dealt with under IAS 32.

As noted above, the standard approach in IFRS requires that a convertible instrument is dealt with by an issuer as having two ‘components’, being a liability host contract plus a separate conversion feature which may or may not qualify for classification as an equity instrument. Convertible notes Read more

Cash flow hedge reserve

Change in fair value attributable to spot’ is recognised in other comprehensive income (and in the cash flow hedge reserve in equity) as the hedged risk

Costs of issuing and reacquiring equity instruments

The accounting rule: Costs of issuing or reacquiring equity instruments (other than in a business combination) are accounted for as a deduction from equity, net of any related income tax benefit. Costs of issuing and reacquiring equity instruments

An entity typically incurs various costs in issuing or acquiring its own equity instruments. Those costs might include registration and other regulatory fees, amounts paid to legal, accounting and other professional advisers, printing costs and stamp duties. The transaction costs of an equity transaction are accounted for as a deduction from equity (net of any related income tax benefit) to the extent they are incremental costs directly attributable to the equity transaction that otherwise would have been avoided. The costs of an … Read more

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Determining ownership of a crypto-asset when it is held by a custodian or a crypto-exchange may present additional challenges and could impact the determination of the appropriate accounting.

Classification of crypto-assets 22In the context of crypto-assets, a financial asset could be: cash, an equity instrument of another Classification of crypto-assets entity, a contractual right to cash or other financial assets, or a right to trade financial instruments on potentially favorable terms … Read more