IAS 36 Determine if and when to test for impairment

IAS 36 Determine if and when to test for impairment – When looking at the step-by-step IAS 36 impairment approach it comes down to the following broadly organised steps:

  • What?? – Determining the scope and structure of the impairment review (see the step-by-step IAS 36 impairment approach),
  • If and when? – Determining if and when a quantitative impairment test is necessary (discussed on this page),
  • How? – Understanding the mechanics of the impairment test and how to recognise or reverse any impairment loss, if necessary (see IAS 36 Impairment test – How?).

Step 3: IAS 36 Determine if and when to test for impairment

IAS 36 requires an entity to a perform a quantified … Read more

The Acquisition Method illustrated

The Acquisition Method illustrated – a little history of acquisitions, mergers, purchase accounting, pooling of interests, goodwill, intangible assets acquired and the current end to this IFRS 3 Business Combinations. This is a developing story I will add stuff to end with a complete overview. The Acquisition Method illustrated

The short case: The Acquisition Method illustrated

The company A Corp is purchasing all shares in B Corp. Control is acquired by A Corp, B Corp disappears from the economic entity, and B or B’s shareholders receive either A Corp stock or other property. This will result in a business combination which means A Corp’s acquisition of control over the business of B Corp. The Acquisition Method illustrated

The acquisition will Read more

Fair value measurement

Fair Value Measurement can present significant challenges for preparers of financial statements, particularly because it involves using judgment and estimation. Further, it is the market participant view that shapes fair value, so preparers need to monitor whether the valuation models and assumptions they use for financial reporting appropriately reflect those of market participants.

Fair Value Measurement under IFRS 13: Fair value measurement

  1. defines fair value;
  2. sets out in a single IFRS a framework for measuring fair value; and
  3. requires disclosures about fair value measurements.

The definition of fair value focuses on assets and liabilities because they are a primary subject of accounting measurement. In addition, IFRS 13 is applied to an entity’s own equity instruments measured at fair value.

The … Read more

Relationship of Growth ROIC and Cash Flow

Relationship of Growth ROIC and Cash Flow – Disaggregating cash flow into revenue growth and ROIC helps illuminate the underlying drivers of a company’s performance. Say a company’s cash flow was $100 last year and will be $150 next year. This doesn’t tell us much about its economic performance, since the $50 increase in cash flow could come from many sources, including revenue growth, a reduction in capital spending, or a reduction in marketing expenditures.

But if we told you that the company was generating revenue growth of 7 percent per year and would earn a return on invested capital of 15 percent, then you would be able to evaluate its performance. You could, for instance, compare the company’s growth … Read more

What is replicating portfolios?

So, what is replicating portfolios? Topic – IFRS 17 Insurance contracts. A replicating portfolio is a pool of assets designed to reproduce (replicate) the cash flows or market values of a pool of liabilities across a large number of stochastic scenarios used among other in the insurance industry. Once set up, a replicating portfolio can be used to predict the behavior or change in value of the liabilities across a range of other economic conditions. What is replicating portfolios

Definition of replicating portfolios

A replicating portfolio is a proxy portfolio consisting of standard capital-market products that replicate the scenario-dependent payoffs of the insurance company’s liability. It is determined across a wide selection of calibration scenarios by optimisation techniques. Because Read more

Repurchase options and residual value guarantees

Repurchase options and residual value guarantees – Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) may have a right or obligation to repurchase vehicles as part of a contract with a customer or may provide residual value guarantees to certain customers. Examples include repurchase options on sales of fleet vehicles or residual value guarantees to fleet customers or third-party purchasers of vehicles (e.g., finance companies). While the economics of a repurchase agreement and a residual value guarantee may be similar, the accounting outcome could be quite different under IFRS 15.

Repurchase agreements Repurchase options and residual value guarantees

Some agreements include repurchase provisions, either as part of the original sales contract or as a separate contract that relates to the original sales contract. … Read more

Outcome uncertainty

Outcome uncertainty is uncertainty about the amount or timing of any inflow/outflow of economic benefits that will ultimately result from an asset or liability.