IFRS 15 Real estate Revenue complete and accurate recognition

IFRS 15 Real estate

Under IFRS 15 real estate entities recognize revenue over the construction period if certain conditions are met.

Key points

  • An entity must judge whether the different elements of a contract can be separated from each other based on the distinct criteria. A more complex judgment exists for real estate developers that provide services or deliver common properties or amenities in addition to the property being sold.
  • Contract modifications are common in the real estate development industry. Contract modifications might needIFRS 15 Real estate to be accounted for as a new contract, or combined and accounted for together with an existing contract.
  • Real estate managers may structure their arrangements such that services and fees are in different contracts. These contracts may meet the requirements to be accounted for as a combined contract when applying IFRS 15.
  • Real estate management entities are often entitled to several different fees. IFRS 15 will require a manager to consider whether the services should be viewed as a single performance obligation, or whether some of these services are ‘distinct’ and should therefore be treated as separate performance obligations.
  • Variable consideration for entities in the real estate industry may come in the form of claims, awards and incentive payments, discounts, rebates, refunds, credits, price concessions, performance bonuses, penalties or other similar items.
  • Real estate developers will need to consider whether they meet any of the three criteria necessary for recognition of revenue over time.

IFRS 15 core principle

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that revenue reflects the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

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Revenue not from a contract with a customer

Revenue not from a contract with a customer – Revenue from transactions or events that does not arise from a contract with a customer is not in the scope of IFRS 15 and should continue to be recognized in accordance with other standards. Revenue not from a contract with a customerSuch transactions or events include but are not limited to: Revenue not from a contract with a customer

  • Dividends, Revenue has to be recognized when the owner’s right to receive payment is established. It is only certain when the company declare the dividends on the shares and the directors actually decide to pay the dividends to their shareholders,
  • Non-exchange transactions, such as donations or contributions. For example, contributions received by a not-for-profit entity are not
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What are operating segments?

What are operating segments – Most entities will be able to identify their operating segments easily by reference to the definition. However, when this is not the case, for example if the chief operating decision maker (CODM) uses more than one set of segment information, other factors may enable the operating segments to be identified.

Factors to consider in determining operating segments for a reporting entity are: What are operating segments

  • the nature of the business activities of each component of the entity, the existence of managers responsible for them, and information presented to the board of directors.
  • an operating segment will usually have a segment manager who is directly accountable to, and has regular contact with, the
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