Under IFRS 15, such options are separate performance obligations if they provide a material right to the customer that it would not receive without entering into that contract. For example, it may convey a material right if the discount exceeds the range of discounts typically given for those goods or services to that class of customer in that geographical area or market. If an option is a separate performance obligation, a portion of the transaction price is allocated to the option (see Allocation of transaction price to performance obligations). The … Read more
Once an entity has identified the contract with a customer, it evaluates the contractual terms and its customary business practices to identify all the promised goods or services within the contract and determine which of those promised goods or services (or bundles of promised goods or services) will be treated as separate performance obligations.
Promised goods and services represent separate performance obligations if they are: Performance obligations in software and cloud services
• Distinct (by themselves or as part of a bundle of goods and services) Performance obligations in software and cloud services
Or Performance obligations in software and cloud services
Contracts frequently include options for customers to purchase additional goods or services in the future. Customer options that provide a material right to the customer (such as a free or discounted good or service) give rise to a separate performance obligation. In this case, the performance obligation is the option itself, rather than the underlying goods or services. Management will allocate a portion of the transaction price to such options, and recognize revenue allocated to the option when the additional goods or services are transferred to the customer, or when the option expires.
IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here.
Contracts with customers generally state explicitly the goods or services that an entity promises to transfer to a customer. However, promised goods or services in a contract may also be implied by an entity’s customary business practices, … Read more