High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

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High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting


The objective of hedge accounting is to represent, in the financial statements, the effect of an entity’s risk management activities that use financial instruments to manage exposures arising from particular risks that could affect profit or loss (or other comprehensive income, in the case of investments in equity instruments for which an entity has elected to present changes in fair value in other comprehensive income).


A hedging relationship qualifies for hedge accounting only if all the following criteria are met:

  1. the hedging relationship consists only of eligible hedging instruments and eligible hedged items.
  2. at the inception of the hedging relationship there is formal designation and documentation
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Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

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Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting – In corporate finance, a leveraged buyout (LBO) is a transaction where a company is acquired using debt as the main source of consideration. These transactions typically occur when a private equity (PE) firm borrows as much as they can from a variety of lenders (up to 70 or 80 percent of the purchase price) and funds the balance with their own equity. Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

1 The process and business reason

The use of leverage (debt) enhances expected returns to the private equity firm. By putting in as little of their own money as possible, PE firms can achieve a large return on equity (ROE) and internal … Read more

Consolidated financial statements

IFRS 10 Definition of consolidated financial statements

The financial statements of a group in which the assets, liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows of the parent and its subsidiaries are presented as those of a single economic entity.

ParentAn entity that controls one or more entities.

The other types of financial statements are unconsolidated financial statements (or company accounts) and combined financial statements.

Single economic entity concept

The concept of a single economic entity is illustrated in the example below:

Example – Single economic entity concept

A subsidiary buys an asset from a third party for CU 100. It subsequently sells the asset on to its parent for CU 130. The subsidiary records a profit

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11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13

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11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13 – Several IFRS standards provide guidance regarding the scope and application of the fair value option for assets and liabilities. Here they are from 1 to 11…….

1 Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments held by venture capital organizations and the like are exempt from IAS 28’s requirements only when they are measured at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9. Changes in the fair value of such investments are recognized in profit or loss in the period of change.

The IASB acknowledged that fair value information is often readily available in venture capital organizations and entities in similar industries, even for start-up and … Read more

3 powerful capital maintenance concepts

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3 powerful capital maintenance concepts – There are three (or two a matter of definition) concepts of capital: a financial concept of capital (nominal maintenance and purchasing power maintenance) and a physical concept of capital. Under the financial concept, capital is defined as the net assets or equity of the enterprise, while under the physical concept, capital is defined as the productive capacity of the enterprise expressed in some physical units of measurement, as for example units of output per day.

The selection of the appropriate concept of capital by an enterprise should be based on the needs of the users of its financial statements. So, the financial concept of capital should be and mostly is used … Read more

Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

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Investments in Joint Ventures Overview that is what this is……

An entity with joint control of an investee shall account for its investment in a joint venture using the equity method except when that investment qualifies for exemption in IAS 28. Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

The exemptions include:Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

  • if the entity is a parent that is exempt from preparing consolidated financial statements by the scope exception in paragraphs 4(a) of IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements; or Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
  • all of the following apply: Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
    1. the entity is a wholly-owned subsidiary, or is a partially-owned subsidiary of another entity and its other owners, including those
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Hedges of exposures affecting OCI

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Hedges of exposures affecting OCI is showing examples of exposures as hedged items recorded through other comprehensive income (OCI) and hedge accounting of Aggregated exposures.

Hedges of exposures affecting other comprehensive income

Only hedges of exposures that could affect profit or loss qualify for hedge accounting. The sole exception to this rule is when an entity is hedging an investment in equity instruments for which it has elected to present changes in fair value in OCI, as permitted by IFRS 9. Using that election, gains or losses on the equity investments will never be recognised in profit or loss.

For such a hedge, the fair value change of the hedging instrument is recognised in OCI. Ineffectiveness is Read more

Hedge accounting requirements

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Hedge accounting requirements – IFRS 9 now allows, for fair value hedges, the designation of layer components from a defined nominal amount or a defined, but open, population. IFRS 9 stillHedge accounting requirements includes some restrictions, in particular that a layer component that includes a prepayment option does not qualify as a hedged item in a fair value hedge if the fair value of the prepayment option is affected by changes in the hedged risk. Hedge accounting requirements

When an entity has an option to prepay a loan, at fair value, the fair value of the option is not affected by changes in the hedged risk. Consequently, an entity would be able to designate a hedge as described in Read more

Groups of items Hedging

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Groups of items hedging, designation of layer components these are relevant for a practical risk management process to base hedge accounting on. Hedge accounting under IAS 39 was primarily designed from a single instrument viewpoint, and therefore less effective to apply. A hedging relationship would typically include a single hedging instrument (e.g., an interest rate swap) hedging a single item (e.g., a loan). However, for operational reasons entities often economically hedge several items together on a group basis. IAS 39 allows several items to be hedged together as a group, but there are restrictions such that there are relatively few types of groups that are eligible as hedged items.

In an effort to address the issues raised Read more

Hedging a component of a group

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Hedging a component of a group provides clear examples of hedge accounting in practice. A group designation can also consist of hedging a component of a group of items, such as a layer component of a group. A component could also be a proportion of a group of items, such as 50% of a fixed rate bond series with a total volume of CU 100m. Whether an entity designates a layer component or a proportionate component depends on the entity’s risk management objective.

The benefits of identifying a layer component, discussed at ‘Hedge accounting requirements in IFRS 9‘, may be even more relevant when applied to a group of items. A bottom layer hedging strategy Read more