Asset management or investment management
are closely related industries that in their core refer to the financial service of managing assets by means of financial instruments and/or other investments with the aim of increasing the invested assets.
An asset manager is a financial professional who analyses, collects and handles a client’s financial portfolio. Asset managers focus on specific asset investments, such as real estate, exchange-traded funds, stocks or fixed-income securities. An asset manager’s goal is to increase returns from client investments and restructure them when needed to gain their clients more profit.
An investment manager is a general term for a financial professional who uses risk assessment to ensure their clients receive a profitable return on their investments. Their duties include tax planning, estate planning, retirement planning, philanthropy and education. The main goal of an investment manager is to generate a steady flow of profit through investment strategies for their clients.
A primary difference between asset managers and investment managers is their customer base. Asset managers typically work with individuals or businesses that have extensive amounts of money, while investment managers often work with individuals or businesses with any size of income.
The two most significant IFRS accounting matters for asset management or investment management entities are:
- Timing of revenue and profit recognition
- Valuation of investments (assets) the entity holds or invests on behalf of its customers