IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

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IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient

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Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

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Contract Modifications under IFRS 15 – Just two practical examples, to better understand all kind of things for IFRS 15.

On 1 January 20X1, Wireless Company enters into a two-year contract with a customer for a 2-gigabyte (GB) data plan with unlimited talk and text for CU60/month and a subsidised handset for which the customer pays CU200. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

The handset has a stand-alone selling price of CU600. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

For purposes of this illustration, the time value of money has not been considered, the stand-alone selling price of the wireless plan is assumed to be the same as the contractual price and the effect of the constraint on variable consideration … Read more

Stand-alone selling price

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Exact wording: Stand-alone selling price of a good or a service.

The price at which an entity would sell a promised good or service separately to a customer.

The best evidence of standalone selling price is the price that the entity charges for the good or service in a separate transaction with a customer. However, in many cases goods or services are sold exclusively as a package with other goods or services rather than on an individual basis (e.g. non-renewable customer support).  In these cases, the standalone selling price must be estimated. The revenue standard does not prohibit any method for estimating the standalone selling price, as long as the estimation results in an accurate representation of … Read more

Correct presentation of revenue in IFRS 15

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Correct presentation of revenue in IFRS 15 provides explicit presentation requirements, which are quite detailed and increase the volume of required disclosures that entities have to include in their interim and annual financial statements. Many of the requirements in IFRS 15 involve information that entities did not previously disclose, all in all the usefulness of information in the financial statements should grow using these presentation requirements.

In practice, the nature and extent of changes to an entity’s financial statements depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the nature of its revenue-generating activities and the level of information it previously disclosed.

Reassessment of old revenue disclosures

As part of their adoption of IFRS 15, … Read more

Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract

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What happens with arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract under IFRS 15. How are these accounted for? What IFRSs are used in such a case? If an arrangement does not meet the criteria to be considered a contract under the standard, it must be accounted for as stipulated in IFRS 15 15 – 16 (recognition of the consideration received as revenue if certain events have been met or as a liability until one of these events have been met), using the following decision tree: Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract


Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract

If the arrangements identifies as a IFRS 15 Contract with customers go to Step 2 – 5

References:

  • Contract
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Arrangements partially in IFRS 15

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Arrangements partially in IFRS 15 is about that difficult situation of a mixed contract, parts are in IFRS 15 parts are outside IFRS 15. IFRS 15 provides accounting requirements for all revenue arising from contracts with customers. Arrangements partially in IFRS 15

They affect all entities that enter into contracts to provide goods or services to their customers, unless the contracts are in the scope of other IFRSs requirements, such as IFRS 16 the leasing standard. Arrangements partially in IFRS 15

The standard provides requirements for arrangements partially within the scope of IFRS 15 and partially within the scope of other standards, as follows:


Arrangements partially in IFRS 15

Reference:

Partially in scope – IFRS 15 7

Document your decisions in your

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Percentage of completion method Construction

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Percentage of completion method Construction – The percentage of completion method is used when the contract involves the completion of more than one act. Under the percentage of completion method, revenue is recognized proportionately with “the extent of work accomplished” by the contractor, by reference to the performance of each act (performance obligation). Under IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers, the percentage of completion method classifies as revenue recognition over time.

Many contractors have adopted what they believe to be the percentage of completion method using billings or periodic payment certificates as a basis for recognizing revenue. This is only appropriate under IFRS if the amount billed is representative of the extent … Read more

Legally enforceable contract

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Legally enforceable contract – A contract, under the broadest possible definition, is a legally enforceable promise. Contracts are classified in many different ways. For example, a contract may be unilateral (a promise by one party to another) or bi- or multilateral (a set of complementary promises made by and between more than one party).

A contract may be oral or written (although an oral contract is difficult to prove, and some types of contracts must be written). It may be express (a promise made explicitly) or implied (a promise concluded upon based on one’s (normal) business conduct). A type of obligation similar to a contract may even be created, under certain circumstances, by a court in the … Read more

Contract asset

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Contract assets are defined as an entity’s right to consideration in exchange for goods or services  (i.e. conditional) that the entity has transferred to a customer when that right is conditioned on something other than the passage of time (for example, the entity’s future performance). An entity shall assess a contract asset for impairment in accordance with IFRS 9. An impairment of a contract asset shall be measured, presented and disclosed on the same basis as a financial asset that is within the scope of IFRS 9.

A receivable is an entity’s right to consideration that is unconditional. A right to consideration is unconditional if only the passage of time is required before payment of … Read more