IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

Contract Modifications under IFRS 15 – Just two practical examples, to better understand all kind of things for IFRS 15.

On 1 January 20X1, Wireless Company enters into a two-year contract with a customer for a 2-gigabyte (GB) data plan with unlimited talk and text for CU60/month and a subsidised handset for which the customer pays CU200. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

The handset has a stand-alone selling price of CU600. Contract Modifications under IFRS 15

For purposes of this illustration, the time value of money has not been considered, the stand-alone selling price of the wireless plan is assumed to be the same as the contractual price and the effect of the constraint on variable consideration is not considered. … Read more

Stand ready obligations

Stand ready obligations – In step two of IFRS 15, an entity is required to identify all of the performance obligations promised in a contract with a customer. In many cases, the performance obligations are readily apparent in the contract. In other cases, promises implicit in the contract may qualify as performance obligations. Stand ready obligations

One type of promise mentioned explicitly in the standard is the obligation to stand ready to provide a good or service. There has been significant discussion about when these promises constitute a performance obligation, as well as the appropriate pattern of recognition for revenue related to these obligations. Stand ready obligations

IFRS 15 26 (e) reads: ‘providing a service of standing ready to provide … Read more

Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract

What happens with arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract under IFRS 15. How are these accounted for? What IFRSs are used in such a case? If an arrangement does not meet the criteria to be considered a contract under the standard, it must be accounted for as stipulated in IFRS 15 15 – 16 (recognition of the consideration received as revenue if certain events have been met or as a liability until one of these events have been met), using the following decision tree: Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract


Arrangements that do not meet the definition of a contract

If the arrangements identifies as a IFRS 15 Contract with customers go to Step 2 – 5

References:

  • Contract qualifying criteria –
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IFRS 15 Revenue aggregation and disaggregation

IFRS 15 Revenue aggregation and disaggregation – The objective of the disclosure requirements in IFRS 15 is to provide “sufficient information to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers”. To achieve that objective, entities are required to provide disclosures about their contracts with customers, the significant judgements, and changes in those judgements, used in applying the standards and assets arising from costs to obtain and fulfil its contracts. [IFRS 15 110]

While an entity must provide sufficient information to meet the objective, the disclosures described in the standards are not intended to be a checklist of minimum requirements. That is, entities do … Read more

Contract asset

Contract assets are defined as an entity’s right to consideration in exchange for goods or services  (i.e. conditional) that the entity has transferred to a customer when that right is conditioned on something other than the passage of time (for example, the entity’s future performance). An entity shall assess a contract asset for impairment in accordance with IFRS 9. An impairment of a contract asset shall be measured, presented and disclosed on the same basis as a financial asset that is within the scope of IFRS 9.

A receivable is an entity’s right to consideration that is unconditional. A right to consideration is unconditional if only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is … Read more

Performance obligation

Performance obligation – [IFRS 15 Appendix A – Defined terms]

Such an obligation is a promise in a contract with a customer to transfer to the customer either:

  1. a good or service (or a bundle of goods or services) that is distinct; or
  2. a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer to the customer.

Context Performance obligation Performance obligation Performance obligation

For revenue to be recognized, the following conditions must be satisfied:

  1. Risks and rewards have been transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  2. The seller does not have control over the goods sold.
  3. The collection of payment from goods or services is reasonably assured.
  4. The amount of revenue can be reasonably measured.
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