IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers

IFRS 15 Quick overview Revenue from contracts with customers – the easy way to obtain an solid overview.

What is the objective of IFRS 15?

To establish principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer.

How does IFRS 15 meet this objective?

The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Practical expedient – the portfolio

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Leases

Leases explained along defined terms to obtain a quick overview. An overview is provided here.

Definitions from IFRS 16 Leases are:

IFRS 16 Leases: A contract, or part of a contract, that conveys the right to use an asset (the underlying asset) for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

Lease payments – Payments made by a lessee to a lessor relating to the right to use an underlying asset during the lease term, comprising the following: Lease

  1. fixed payments (including in-substance fixed payments), less any lease incentives;
  2. variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate;
  3. the exercise price of a purchase option if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise that option; and
  4. payments of
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Significant financing component

Many transactions contain a significant financing component because the customer pays substantially before or after the goods or services have been provided. This can benefit the entity if the customer is financing the transaction by paying early, or this can benefit the customer if the entity finances the customer by delivering the good or service before payment occurs. Under either circumstance, the entity is required to reflect the effects of the financing component in the transaction price by considering the time value of money (interest element). This requirement ensures that entities recognise revenue at the amount that reflects the cash payment that the customer would have made at the time the goods or services were transferred (cash selling price).

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Transfer of control for distinct licences

Transfer of control for distinct licences Transfer of control for distinct licences – IFRS 15 indicates that an entity must determine, at contract inception, whether it will transfer control of a promised good or service over time. If an entity does not satisfy a performance obligation over time, the performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time. A performance obligation is satisfied over time if it meets one of the following criteria: Transfer of control for distinct licences

  • The customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the entity’s performance as the entity performs – by providing hosting services, for example. Transfer of control for distinct licences
  • The entity’s performance creates or enhances an asset that the customer controls as the asset is created
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Engineering and Construction contract costs

Engineering and Construction contract costs – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts.


IFRS 15 also specifies the accounting treatment for certain costs an entity incurs in obtaining and fulfilling a contract to provide goods and services to customers for both contracts obtained and contracts under negotiation. However, the requirements in IFRS 15 only apply if another standard does not apply to those costs (e.g., IAS 2 Inventories, IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment or IAS 38 Intangible Assets). Just a starter: IAS 11 permitted a broader range of pre-contract costs to be capitalised, not … Read more

Determine the transaction price

Determine the transaction price – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts. Determine the transaction price


The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer, excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties. This amount is meant to reflect the amount to which the entity has rights under the present contract, which may differ from the contractual price (e.g., if the entity intends to offer a price concession). The consideration promised in a contract may include fixed or variable … Read more

Revenue from Contracts with Customers short version

Revenue from Contracts with Customers short version – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Revenue from Contracts with Customers short version

Revenue is now recognised by a vendor when control over the goods or services is transferred to the customer. In contrast, IAS 18 Revenue based revenue recognition around an analysis of … Read more

Contract costs from Contracts with Customers

Contract costs from Contracts with Customers – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. Contract costs from Contracts with Customers

Contract costs are initially recognised as an asset and expensed on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer to the customer of the … Read more

Financing component in the contract

Financing component in the contract – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here. Financing component in the contract

The existence of a significant financing component in the contract

This section is part of step 3 determining the transaction price. The timing of payments specified … Read more