Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements

Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial StatementsShort – To establish principles for the presentation and preparation of consolidated financial statements when an entity controls one or more other entities Overview IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements

Longer – IFRS 10 replaces the part of IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements that addresses accounting for subsidiaries on consolidation. What remains in IAS 27 after the implementation of IFRS 10 is the accounting treatment for subsidiaries, jointly controlled entities and associates in their separate financial statements. Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration Contingent consideration

The aim of IFRS 10 is to establish a single control model that is applied to all entities including special purpose entities. The changes require those dealing with the implementation of IFRS 10 to exercise Read more

Principal versus agent considerations

Principal versus agent considerations – If an arrangement involves three or more parties, an entity will have to determine whether it is acting as a principal or an agent in order to determine the amount of revenue to which it is entitled. For example, technology entities may offer a platform to sell virtual or digital goods on behalf of a third party or they may contract with an advertising agency to deliver advertising content to a website or mobile application.

When the entity is the principal in the contract, the revenue recognised is the gross amount (i.e., the amount to which the entity expects to be entitled as the principal). When the entity is the agent, the revenue recognised is … Read more

Recognition of revenue as principal or agent

Recognition of revenue as principal or agent, that is a big question under IFRS 15. Recognise a large amount of revenue as a principal or only a fraction of that turnover as an agent. So the stakes are high!!

Royalty payments

Entity A has agreed to pay a royalty to Entity B for the use of intellectual property rights that Entity A requires to make sales to its customers. The royalty is specified as a percentage of gross proceeds from Entity A’s sales to its customers less contractually defined costs. Entity A is the principal in the sales transactions with its customers (i.e. it must provide the goods and services itself and does not act as an agent for Entity … Read more

Agency relationships in consolidation

Agency relationships in consolidation – An investor with decision making rights has to determine whether it is a principal or an agent. An ‘agent’ is defined as ‘a party primarily engaged to act on behalf and for the benefit of another party or parties (the principal(s)) and therefore does not control the investee when it exercises its decision making authority’.

Thus, sometimes a principal’s power may be held and exercisable by an agent, but on behalf of the principal. An investor that is an agent does not control an investee when it exercises decision making rights delegated to it. Agency relationships in consolidation

Principal versus Agent Agency relationships in consolidation

To determine whether a decision maker is an agent, it … Read more

Identify the performance obligations in the contract

Identify the performance obligations in the contract – This part relates to a complete explanation of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers in respect of Engineering & Construction contracts, see Revenue from Engineering & Construction contracts. Identify the performance obligations in the contract


Once an entity has identified the contract with a customer, it evaluates the contractual terms and its customary business practices to identify all the promised goods or services within the contract and determine which of those promised goods or services (or bundles of promised goods or services) will be treated as separate performance obligations.

IFRS 15 identifies several activities common to engineering & construction entities that are considered promised goods and services, including the construction, … Read more

Principal versus agent considerations

Principal versus agent considerations exist when more than one party is involved in providing goods or services to a customer, the standard requires an entity to determine whether it is a principal or an agent in these transactions by evaluating the nature of its promise to the customer. Principal versus agent considerations

An entity is a principal (and, therefore, records revenue on a gross basis) if it controls a promised good or service before transferring that good or service to the customer. Principal versus agent considerations

Control over good or service

In the Basis for Conclusions, the Board explained that in order for an entity to conclude that it is providing the good or service to the customer, it must … Read more