Arrangements with multiple parties

Identifying the customer can be more challenging when there are multiple parties involved in a transaction. The analysis should include understanding the substance of the relationship of all parties involved in the transaction.

Arrangements with three or more parties, particularly if there are separate contracts with each of the parties, require judgment to evaluate the substance of those relationships. Management will need to assess which parties are customers and whether the contracts meet the criteria to be combined when applying … Continue reading

Stewardship and agency theory

This part is a more detailed explanation of the revised Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting 2018 (Conceptual Framework) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) regarding Control as part of chapter 4 – The Elements of Financial Statements, section 4.25 on one party (a principal) engaging another party (an agent) to act on behalf of, and for the benefit of, the principal.

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