Economic life

Economic life also known as useful life is either Economic life

  1. the period over which an asset is expected to be economically usable by one or more users, or Economic life
  2. the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from an asset by one or more users. Economic life

Every asset has a lifecycle, which is its useful life from acquisition to disposal. Inevitably, the facilities we manage will outlive their installed building systems. The facility manager is responsible for managing not only the maintenance, but also the replacement of these systems. Additionally, facility managers replace components and systems for the purpose of improving performance or efficiency, which might occur prior to the end of the asset’s Read more

Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

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Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting – In corporate finance, a leveraged buyout (LBO) is a transaction where a company is acquired using debt as the main source of consideration. These transactions typically occur when a private equity (PE) firm borrows as much as they can from a variety of lenders (up to 70 or 80 percent of the purchase price) and funds the balance with their own equity. Leveraged buyout IFRS 3 best reporting

1 The process and business reason

The use of leverage (debt) enhances expected returns to the private equity firm. By putting in as little of their own money as possible, PE firms can achieve a large return on equity (ROE) and internal … Read more

Consolidated financial statements

IFRS 10 Definition of consolidated financial statements

The financial statements of a group in which the assets, liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows of the parent and its subsidiaries are presented as those of a single economic entity.

ParentAn entity that controls one or more entities.

The other types of financial statements are unconsolidated financial statements (or company accounts) and combined financial statements.

Single economic entity concept

The concept of a single economic entity is illustrated in the example below:

Example – Single economic entity concept

A subsidiary buys an asset from a third party for CU 100. It subsequently sells the asset on to its parent for CU 130. The subsidiary records a profit

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9 Best basic investment or owner-occupied property

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9 Best basic investment or owner-occupied property starts with the two definitions: 9 Best basic investment or owner-occupied property

  1. Investment property is property (land or a building or part of a building or both) held (by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease) to earn rentals or for capital appreciation or both.
  2. Owner-occupied property is property held (by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease) for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes.

1 Property held under an operating lease

A property interest that is held by a lessee under an operating lease may be classified and accounted for as investment property if, … Read more

11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13

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11 Best fair value measurements under IFRS 13 – Several IFRS standards provide guidance regarding the scope and application of the fair value option for assets and liabilities. Here they are from 1 to 11…….

1 Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments held by venture capital organizations and the like are exempt from IAS 28’s requirements only when they are measured at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9. Changes in the fair value of such investments are recognized in profit or loss in the period of change.

The IASB acknowledged that fair value information is often readily available in venture capital organizations and entities in similar industries, even for start-up and … Read more

The modified historical cost convention

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IFRS requires financial statements to be prepared on the modified historical cost convention basis, with a growing emphasis on fair value. ‘Fair value’ is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date – i.e. an exit price. [IFRS 13 9]

The carrying amounts of the following assets and liabilities are based on fair value measurements subsequent to initial recognition.

  • Derivatives, financial assets, and financial liabilities classified as held-for-trading or designated as at fair value through profit or loss, and financial assets classified as available-for-sale are measured at fair value. The modified historical cost convention
  • Biological
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Property plant and equipment Example

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Property plant and equipment Example – Accounting policy example

Property plant and equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. The initial cost of an asset comprises its purchase price or construction cost, any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset into the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management, the initial estimate of any decommissioning obligation, if any, and, for assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, directly attributable finance costs.

The purchase price or construction cost is the aggregate amount paid and the fair value of any other consideration given … Read more

Impairment Example

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Impairment Example – Accounting example

Impairment of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, and goodwill

The group assesses assets or groups of assets, called cash-generating units (CGUs), for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or CGU may not be recoverable; for example, changes in the group’s business plans, changes in the group’s assumptions about commodity prices, low plant utilization, evidence of physical damage or, for oil and gas assets, significant downward revisions of estimated reserves or increases in estimated future development expenditure or decommissioning costs. If any such indication of impairment exists, the group makes an estimate of the asset’s or CGU’s recoverable amount. Individual assets are … Read more

Intangible assets Example

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Intangible assets Example – Example accounting policy

Intangible assets, other than goodwill, include expenditure on the exploration for and evaluation of oil and natural gas resources, computer software, patents, licences and trademarks and are stated at the amount initially recognized, less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Intangible assets Example

Intangible assets acquired separately from a business are carried initially at cost. An intangible asset acquired as part of a business combination is measured at fair value at the date of acquisition and is recognized separately from goodwill if the asset is separable or arises from contractual or other legal rights. Intangible assets Example

Intangible assets with a finite life, other than capitalized exploration and appraisal costs … Read more