Measurement uncertainty

Measurement uncertainty – Uncertainty that arises when the result of applying a measurement basis is imprecise and can be determined only with a range.

Measurement uncertainty arises when a measure cannot be determined directly by observing prices in an active market and must instead be estimated.

The level of measurement uncertainty associated with a particular measurement basis may affect whether information provided by that measurement basis provides a faithful representation of an entity’s financial position and financial performance. A high level of measurement uncertainty does not necessarily prevent the use of a measurement basis that provides relevant information.

However, in some cases the level of measurement uncertainty is so high that information provided by a measurement basis might not provide … Read more

High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

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High level overview IFRS 9 Hedge accounting

OBJECTIVE

The objective of hedge accounting is to represent, in the financial statements, the effect of an entity’s risk management activities that use financial instruments to manage exposures arising from particular risks that could affect profit or loss (or other comprehensive income, in the case of investments in equity instruments for which an entity has elected to present changes in fair value in other comprehensive income).

SCOPE

A hedging relationship qualifies for hedge accounting only if all the following criteria are met:

  1. the hedging relationship consists only of eligible hedging instruments and eligible hedged items.
  2. at the inception of the hedging relationship there is formal designation and documentation
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IFRS 16 Right to direct the use of the identified asset

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[IFRS 16 B24] IFRS 16 Right to direct the use of the identified asset 

Requiring a customer to have the right to direct the use of an identified asset is a change from IFRIC 4. A contract may have met IFRIC 4’s control criterion if, for example, the customer obtained substantially all of the output of an underlying asset and met certain price-per-unit-of-output criteria even though the customer did not have the right to direct the use of the identified asset as contemplated by IFRS 16. Under IFRS 16, such arrangements would no longer be considered leases.

A customer has the right to direct the use of an identified asset throughout the period of use Read more

IFRS 16 Right to use

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IFRS 16 Right to use – throughout the period of use the lessee has to meet the following two rights: IFRS 16 Right to use

  1. the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the identified asset, and IFRS 16 Right to use
  2. the right to direct the use of the identified asset. IFRS 16 Right to use


To start simple….. IFRS 16 Right to use

  1. By having exclusive use of the asset over the period of the lease, by having use of its output or by sub-letting the asset, the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the identified asset has been met, and IFRS
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Contractual service margin

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Contractual service margin – The fourth element of the building blocks in the general model is the contractual service margin (the CSM). This is a component of the asset or liability for the group of insurance contracts that represents the unearned profit the entity will recognise as it provides services in the future.

Here is how the contractual service margin fits into the general model of measurement of insurance contracts. The general model is based on the following estimation parameters:

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General model of measurement of insurance contracts

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General model of measurement of insurance contracts – Insurance contracts may be highly complex bundles of interdependent rights and obligations and combine features of a financial instrument and features of a service contract. As a result, insurance contracts can provide their issuers with different sources of income – e.g. underwriting profit, fees from asset management services and financial income from spread business (when insurers earn a margin on invested assets) – often all within the same contract. [IFRS 17 IN5, IFRS 17 BC18]

The general measurement model introduced by IFRS 17 provides a comprehensive and coherent framework that provides information reflecting the many different features of insurance contracts and the ways in which the issuers of insurance … Read more

Series provision

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Series provision – IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (contents page is here) introduced a single and comprehensive framework which sets out how much revenue is to be recognised, and when. The core principle is that a vendor should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the vendor expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. See a summary of IFRS 15 here.Series provision

Under IFRS 15 a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer are accounted for as a single performance Read more

Not a lease Rail cars

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Not a lease Rail cars is an example and see below for the opposite Lease Rail cars, the difference will give you a lesson!!!!

Not a lease Rail cars

The case:

The contract between Customer and Supplier requires Supplier to transport a specified quantity of goods by using a specified type of rail car in accordance with a stated timetable for a period of five years. The timetable and quantity of goods specified are equivalent to Customer having the use of 10 rail cars for five years. Not a lease Rail carsSupplier provides the rail cars, driver and engine as part of the contract.

The contract states the nature and quantity of the goods to be transported (and the type of

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Right to control the use of the identified asset

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Right to control the use of the identified asset – A contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time if, throughout the period of use, the customer has the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the identified asset and the right to direct the use of the identified asset. Right to control the use of the identified asset

Right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from use of the identified asset

A customer can obtain economic benefits either directly or indirectly (e.g., using, holding or subleasing the asset). Economic benefits include the asset’s primary outputs (i.e., goods or services) … Read more