IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

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Overview IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

Employee service costs are recognised in profit or loss over the vesting period from the service commencement date until vesting date. The following topics are of importance in IFRS 2 Determination of the vesting period

Service commencement date and grant date

The ‘vesting period’ is the period during which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied in order for the employees to be entitled unconditionally to the equity instrument. Normally, this is the period between grant date and the vesting date (see IFRS 2 Definitions).

However, services are recognised when they are received and grant date may occur after the employees have begun rendering services. … Read more

IFRS 2 How to easily determine the grant date

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IFRS 2 How to easily determine the grant date – The determination of grant date is important because this is the date on which the fair value of equity instruments granted is measured. Usually, grant date is also the date on which recognition of the employee cost begins. However, this is not always the case (see 6.4.10) (reference will follow). (IFRS 2 11)

‘Grant date’ is the date at which the entity and the employee agree to a share-based payment arrangement, and requires that the entity and the employee have a shared understanding of the terms and conditions of the arrangement. (IFRS 2 Definitions) IFRS 2 How to easily determine the grant dateRead more

Regulated interest rates

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Regulated interest rates – IFRS 9 recognises that in some jurisdictions, the government or a regulatory authority sets interest rates – e.g. as part of a broad macro-economic policy, or to encourage entities to invest in a particular sector of the economy. In some of these cases, the objective of the time value of money element is not to provide consideration for only the passage of time. [IFRS 9 B4.1.9E]

  • In spite of the general requirements for the modified time value of money, a regulated interest rate is considered to be a proxy for the time value of money if it:
  • provides consideration that is broadly consistent with the passage of time; and Regulated interest
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What are Alternative performance measures?

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What are Alternative performance measures -What are Alternative performance measures – Alternative performance measures (APMs) may supplement Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) reporting, and often represent an effective way of communicating important entity specific developments.

However, APMs need to be defined using appropriate descriptions and disclosures to avoid the risk of misleading the users of the financial reports.

Regulators in many jurisdictions have issued guidelines for the use of APMs that are helpful benchmarks when developing communication strategies and preparing financial reports. Entities can use these guidelines, both for compliance purposes and to facilitate effective communication.


Financial statements are the cornerstone of financial reporting for entities. In addition to GAAP measures, management often uses a variety of other financial measures to Read more

Share-based payment

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In share-based payment transactions, an entity receives goods or services from a counterparty and grants equity instruments (equity-settled share-based payment transactions) or incurs a liability to deliver cash or other assets for amounts that are based on the price (or value) of equity instruments (cash-settled share-based payment transactions) as consideration.

The following transactions are not in the scope of IFRS 2:

  • transactions with counterparties acting as shareholders rather than as suppliers of goods or services;
  • transactions in which a share-based payment is made in exchange for control of a business; and
  • transactions in which contracts to acquire non-financial items in exchange for a share-based payment are in the scope of the financial instruments standards.

A ‘counterpartyRead more

Consolidation Assess control over an investment

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Consolidation Assess control over an investmentIFRS 10 Consolidation Assess control over an investment is the key to consolidate a investee entity or not. Whether a subsidiary or a consolidated structured entity.

Voting rights in subsidiaries

In many cases, when decision-making is controlled by voting rights, and those voting rights entitle an entity to returns (e.g., voting shares), it is clear that whoever holds a majority of those voting rights controls the investee. However, in other cases (such as for structured entities, or when there are potential voting rights, or less than a majority of voting rights), it may not be so clear. Consolidation Assess control over an investment

Contractual relations for consolidated structured entities

In those instances, further analysis is needed … Read more

Disclosure innovations in financial reporting

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Disclosure innovations in financial reporting – This is a note on the innovative history of Philips’ financial reporting, see the ‘Introduction to a history of innovation in financial reporting‘.

In the Netherlands formal legislation concerning financial reporting was introduced rather late in the early 1970s. The lack of formal legislation was a stimulants to applying innovative financial reporting disclosures, bluntly said ‘anything was possible’ there were no legal minimum levels.

This part is based on a research overview by Camfferman (1996) in his paper ‘Voluntary annual report disclosure by listed Dutch companies, 1945 – 1983’. Camfferman’s work identifies 9 disclosure items. The nine disclosure innovations are discussed in here.

(1) Disclosure of Sales Disclosure innovations

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Agency relationships in consolidation

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Agency relationships in consolidation – An investor with decision making rights has to determine whether it is a principal or an agent. An ‘agent’ is defined as ‘a party primarily engaged to act on behalf and for the benefit of another party or parties (the principal(s)) and therefore does not control the investee when it exercises its decision making authority’.

Thus, sometimes a principal’s power may be held and exercisable by an agent, but on behalf of the principal. An investor that is an agent does not control an investee when it exercises decision making rights delegated to it. Agency relationships in consolidation

Principal versus Agent Agency relationships in consolidation

To determine whether a decision maker is … Read more

The investors exposure or right to variable returns

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The investors exposure or right to variable returns – For an investor to have control over an investee it must have exposure, or rights, to variable returns from the investee.

IFRS 10 provides the following examples of variable returns:

  • dividends, The investors exposure or right to variable returns
  • other distributions of economic benefits (for example, interest from debt securities),
  • changes in value of an investment, The investors exposure or right to variable returns
  • remuneration for servicing an investee’s assets or liabilities, The investors exposure or right to variable returns
  • fees and exposure to loss from providing credit or liquidity support, The investors exposure or right to variable returns
  • residual interests in the investee’s assets and liabilities
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